Piazza della Signora - Florence

One of the most emblematic places in Florence, the Piazza de la Signoria has been its political and public centre since the Middle Ages. Many revolutions, feasts and popular events took place there. In the High Middle Ages, there was an early Christian. From the Xth century, the area was urbanised and gave way to the medieval district. This place was also the scene of some rivalry opposing Guelfes and Ghibellines. In 1268, the Guelfes destroyed 36 houses belonging to Ghibellines.

The main tower, Palazzo della Signoria or Palazzo Vecchio, towers above the square. It was built in 1303 by Arnolfo di Cambio and was the headquarters of the Republic's government.

On the southern side, opens the Loggia dei Lanzi, XIVth century structure dedicated to the sheltering of the Signoria members during ceremonies. Under the vaults, you can observe 15 statues such as Perseus and the head of Medusa, work by Benvenuto Cellini. On the Palazzo Vecchio's leftside, there is the Fountain of Neptune made by Bartolomeo Ammannati. The sea god's statue is called il Biancone. In front of the façade is a copy of Michelangelo's David. The original has been moved in the Galleria della Academia since 1873. The equestrian statue representing Cosimo I was made by Giambologna. Around the square, there are buildings constructed from the XIVth century and the XVIth century such as the Tribunale della Mercanzia (1359) and the Palazzo Uguccioni, the façade of which has been attributed to the school of Raphael. There is a grim detail about the square: you will find a small marble disc near the statue of Cosimo I that indicates the very place where Savonarola was burnt in 1498. Petit détail macabre: vous trouverez un disque de marbre sur le sol proche de la statue de Cosimo I qui indique l’emplacement où le reformeur Savonarola fut brûlé en 1498. Recent excavations revealed unexpected historical treasures like Etruscan civilization vestiges. Do not hesitate to come in the early evening, when the square begins to bustle and the lights unveil the edifices' beauty.

Address : Piazza della Signora Florence Italy

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