In the manner of other states in the Sahel, a long time ago that Niger serves as a crossing point between northern Africa and southern Sahara despite the vastness and harshness of the latter, which covers much of Niger, this has not prevented the people of north and south to exchange, trade, conquer ... resulting in a multi-ethnic Niger, whose people can experience various origins. Symbol that the Sahara was not an insurmountable barrier, the spread of Islam is ancient in Niger; it is the large majority religion of the country. We leave the arid Sahara to enter the Sahel, a transition zone to thank you capricious rush, without which the difference becomes difficult to do with the desert. The extreme south of the country is tinged more green, including the Niger River side to the west, where the capital Niamey is located.