The Alentejo is a region of Portugal, covering much of the south. This is a rich territory for anyone undertaking a trip through the rural country whose landscapes always become a drier as it goes south. The Alentejo is a land where multiple influences have worked to build the country, the Christian influences succeeding the Arab-Muslim culture traits themselves after the Roman domination of the region. Each has left its mark, for the greater interest of the current visitor. The emblematic example of the region is illustrated by Evora, a real '' museum town '' whose rich heritage is emphasized since its classification by UNESCO. Many other villages punctuate the Alentejo, and it is noted Portalegre and Marvão or Monsaraz among the places not to miss, especially for lovers of castles, medieval architecture, but also nature and beautiful landscapes. Major cities in Alentejo. The main cities of the Alentejo region are: Alcacer do Sal - A very old town situated on a hill, along the River Sado. Beja- A beautiful historic city. Elvas- A historic town near the Guadiana River, in front of Badajoz. Évora- A university town with many museums. Portalegre- A town at the foot of the Serra de São Mamede. Campo Maior- A beautiful city with a beautiful castle. Mértola- Located on the Guadiana River, with some ancient ruins. Serpa- Another historic city. Castelo de chutes A beautiful city with a fortified castle. Mifontes- A popular seaside resort.