The history of Paris ... in outline


Not easy to summarize the rich history of Paris in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware major events that have marked the history of the city that we visit. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

  • When Caesar's troops arrive in the territory of Paris in 52 BC, they face the Gallic people Parisii. Following their victory, it renames the site Lutetia. Lutetia is a modest city of 5 or 6 000 inhabitants during the Roman occupation.
  • The city takes the name of the Parisii face of barbarian invasions and following his retreat on the island of the City. Clovis made the capital of the kingdom of the Franks to 506-508.
  • But Paris did not even evolve pĂ©riclitera before becoming an important religious center in the XIth century .

    Middle Ages
    • The royal power gradually fixed it and Paris becomes capital of the kingdom under Louis XI (1108-1137) .
    • Philippe Auguste built a fortified and built the Louvre, it is one of the largest cities in Europe .
    • The city became an important commercial center during the Middle Ages but only with François 1st, who officially takes up residence, as the city will become the largest city in the Christian world with a considerable intellectual and religious influence.

      • Even when Louis XIV moved the court to Versailles, Paris remains the importance of capital .
      • It was in Paris that will trigger the French Revolution, from the moment it will become and remain the locus of power in France.

        nineteenth century
        • It is the theater of incessant changes of power in the nineteenth century and in 1870 it resists the Prussian invader. Paris rejects the armistice and the Paris protest this will be the City that will end in blood for the insurgents.
        • The history of Paris will then be more peaceful, this is the time of universal exhibitions that showcase Paris around the world. The Eiffel Tower was built for the occasion in 1889.

          twentieth century
          • From the Belle Epoque to the Roaring Twenties, Paris became the host city of artists, including Montparnasse and Montmartre.
          • During the Second World War, Paris is declared an open city and occupied by the Germans, the city will be released August 19, 1944.
          • Paris after the war became a tourist destination that still dreaming but it remains a city linked to social and political movements as shown by the events of May 1968.