The Tour de France's best vineyards of France in 20 stages

Discover France by wine routes, this is a nice program that all tourists dream of doing. Because France is famous for its cheeses and wines. Excellent grape varieties, wineries and experienced sunny slopes of vines: oenology reveals beautiful tourist surprises .

1. Burgundy

From Chablis to Lyon, the vineyards of Burgundy is most famous for its wines. This diversity of names makes this very interesting region for wine lovers, with 113 AOC and 1,200 different climates. We forget that it is in Burgundy it is coldest in winter. Do not miss the Clos de Vougeot Vougeot Beaune and its famous wine sales at the Hospices de Beaune. Corton, Meursault, Cote de Nuits, Puligny-Montrachet, Romanee-Conti ... Their names are derived from the 33 Grands Crus of Burgundy. White wines and red wines: this is the most complex terroir. The great wines are at the top, followed by the first vintages and appellations in the manner of a pyramid. Welcome to the Pinot Noir vines and Chardonnay, Aligoté and Gamay.

2. Bordeaux

The Bordeaux wine is certainly the best known. The vineyards are very diverse with great famous wines such as Saint-Emilion, Margaux, Medoc, Saint-Julien, Listrac, Pauillac, Sauternes and Entre-Deux-Mers. The castles open the doors of the vineyards and cellars.

3. Champagne

The world order sparkling wine of this region. Women have eyes that shine thinking of the wine route and this gem. On Epernay, north to Bar-sur-Seine to the south, the vineyards of Champagne carries you to the discovery of the great Champagne houses and chalk pits, its cellars dug in chalk. Along the Marne and through the Côte des Blancs and the Côte des Bar, you can visit Dom Perignon, Mum, Moet Hennesy, Laurent Perrier, Piper Heidsieck ... Welcome to the land of pinot noir, pinot meunier and Chardonnay. Les Riceys, except land, are three AOC Coteaux Champenois, champagne and rosé wine Royal Riceys .

4. Alsace

The Wine Route of Alsace crosses the north-south region. She weaves beautiful cities in beautiful villages with stork nests and timbered houses: Andlau Mittelbergheim, Barr, Ribeauville, Riquewihr, Colmar, Eguisheim ... Between the Vosges massif of the Black Forest, the landscape is green. You will taste the white grape varieties and vintage wines: Riesling, Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc, Gewurztraminer, Muscat and Sylvaner. red side, pinot noir rosé is turn around or large red Alsace.

5. The Rhone

Syrah gives this wine region of great finesse. The Côtes du Rhône and wines of the Rhone Valley can be found between Vienna, Manosque and Saint-Gilles. We take advantage of the vineyards on both banks of the river. It is possible to taste a variety of wines with red, but also white and rosé. The wines of Côtes du Rhône are the best known. Wines feel good sun in the image of Côte Rôtie, Condrieu and Saint-Joseph. Tain l'Hermitage and Crozes-Hermitage also reserve good wines. The Vacqueyras, Beaumes of Venice, the hills of Tricastin ... often come to the ears of wine lovers. Of course, it is also inevitable to move towards Châteauneuf-du-Pape and its famous vineyards.

6. Jura

Local unsung of 1.850 hectares, the Jura is known since Louis XIV who already liked the yellow wine from rare grape variety, savagnin. Yellow wine is consumed in its clavelin, with a capacity of 62,5 cl, the only bottle other than 75cl accepted in the European Community. But the Jura are also the wines of Arbois sung by Brel. Here, between forests and rivers, nature dominates. Meet at Pécauld castle to discover the Vine and Wine Museum in Arbois. The straw wine, Château-Chalon (AOC) and Macvin wort assembly and marc brandy grapes Jura deserve a tasting. .

7. The Loire Valley

The Valley of the Kings are home to beautiful vineyards. Touraine is renowned for its wines, from Tours to Cheverny. The Loire Valley is considered the third French wine region, a World Heritage Site by Unesco. The climate is temperate. It takes 800 kilometers to go through all the land, over the Loire with its castles and lush scenery. Loire wines are from a single grape variety: Melon de Bourgogne Nantes, Chenin, Sauvignon and gamy in Anjou, Saumur and Touraine. Sauvignon and Pinot Noir in Touraine and in the center. Other lesser-known varieties are Grolleau, Pinot Meunier, Pineau d'Aunis and Romorantin. Gros Plant of the Nantes country uses the grape Folle Blanche.

8. Languedoc Rousillon

This is the largest vineyard in France, from Nimes to Collioure. It borders the sea and has 23 appellations of origin wines Languedoc (AOC). Among them, the Clairette du Languedoc, Corbières, Fitou, Limoux, Saint-Chinian, Picpoul de Pinet ... and fortified wines such as Muscat de Frontignan and Lunel ... Effervescent amateur know the wines of Limoux.

9. Le Bergerac

The region has nine names: Bergerac, Pécharmant

, Montravel, Saussignac, Rosette ... with five colors and 900 winemakers. The visit wineries and farms to discover the red, sweet white, sweet white, dry whites and rosés.

10. The Mâconnais

This is the southernmost terroir of Burgundy. He deserves to be differentiated, also thanks to its stunning scenery and valonnés monumental cliffs. This is chardonnay, white, and Gamay for red, that make good red wines greedy and powerful whites and rich flavors highly sought. Mitterrand has announced this terroir with its traditional walk to Solutré.

11. Beaujolais

Some casually refer this French Tuscany region near Lyon. Welcome to the land of the golden stones region and the region of vineyards, where reigns the Gamay grape. You will pass Chessy -les-Mines, Charnay, Chiroubles, and Oingt Bagnols.

12. The Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

It was the Romans who brought the vineyard in Provence. Sun, crickets, a game of boules and rosé de Provence under the plane ... Provence is the first producing region of rosé wines in France. The climate is here hot, dry weather. The wines of Cassis, Bandol and Coteaux d'Aix are known. There are large rosés, but also delicate white (Rolle, Ugni Blanc, Clairette, Sémillon, bourboulenc) and red (Syrah, Grenache, Cinsault, Tibouren, Mourvèdre, Carignan, Cabernet Sauvignon) in the Var, the Bouches-du -Rône and in the Alpes-Maritimes. Hills and limestone ridges are to the west and north, while in the east, the soil consists of crystalline minerals, from volcanic rocks. The designations are Bandol, Baux de Provence, Bellet, Cassis, Palette, Coteaux d'Aix-en-Provence, Var Coteaux de Provence and Côtes de Provence.

13. The South West

Toulouse and Saint-Jacques de Compostela evoke wine. Between Aveyron and the Basque Country, the soil can be sampled in red, white or rosé, dry or sweet. The Côtes de Gascogne are lively, the Gaillac velvety, the Fronton and Madiran arômatiques bodied. Pyrenees and Massif Central define this territory, 500 kilometers wide and twelve departments.

14. Gaillac

Southwest Wine, Gaillac surprised by its diversity: white dry with the AOC Gaillac Blanc Sec and dry AOC Gaillac Blanc Premières Côtes de Gaillac with aromas of white fruit and white flowers, the AOC Gaillac dry white pearl with green apple and citrus aromas, soft and AOC Gaillac Gaillac late harvest, the AOC Gaillac ancestral method, the Mauzac grape variety, in addition to the AOC Gaillac red and rosé AOC Gaillac. Not to mention the AOC Gaillac primeur red and white primeur wines and IGP Côtes du Tarn which include 400 winemakers northwest of the Tarn department.

15. Savoy

It includes unique terroirs as Apremont, Les Abymes, Chignin, Chignin Bergeron, the Monterminod the Saint Jeoire Priory, the Montmélian, the Arbin, Le Cruet, Saint-Jean-de-la- door, Ayse, the Crépy, the Marignant the Ripaille Marin, the Chautagne, the Jongieux the Monthoux, the Frangy, Seyssel and Marestel. These wines are produced in small quantities on the four departments: Savoie, Haute Savoie, Isère and Ain .

16. The Charentes

This is the Pineau des Charentes region: an ideal climate for grapes can draw strength in the limestone ground while taking the cool sea breezes, land and sea Winters are mild and humid. hot summers, but refreshed by moisture from the Atlantic Ocean. Production includes white, red and pink.

18. Auvergne

Auvergne coast occurred in the Puy-de-Dome. Production is done in Issoire Riom, through Clermont-Ferrand. The visit of the cellars will switch between the Puys and the Allier River.

19. Corsica

There are vineyards throughout Corsica, between sea and mountains. It was the Greeks who introduced the vine to the 6th century BC. In the 3rd century, it was the Romans who develop it. The vines are planted in is essentially facing the rising sun. The whites are renowned floral and nervous. The rosés are distinguished by their fruity or spicy. Red astonish by their diversity. Wines of Patrimonio, Vescovato and Aleria are the best known. Ajaccio is a city that knows a large number of areas. But as Sartène, Calvi, Porto-Vecchio or Balagna also make good wines. Niellucciu, Sciaccarellu (red), Vermentinu (white) are the three most famous Corsican grape varieties. In the end, there are nine PDO, protected origin names, "believe", "villages" or "regional". Muscat de Corse is enjoyed as an aperitif, with AOC obtained in 1993 for the Muscat du Cap Corse.

20. The Minervois

The Minervois is part of the Languedoc. But this AOC deserves to be appreciated, between the Aude and Herault. Out of nearly 60 kilometers from Narbonne to Carcassonne, on the banks of the Canal du Midi, there are 4,250 hectares producing 181,500 hectoliters of wine. With Carignan, black Grenache, Syrah and Mourvèdre, it feels especially red wine with silky tannins and aromas of ripe fruit.