The history of ... Portgual broadly


Not easy to summarize the rich history of Portugal in a few ines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we visit. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

  • The people of Lusitania are mainly of Celtic origin, in ancient times they exchange with the Greek, Phoenician and Carthaginian .
  • The Romans imposed their rule in 140 BC and remain until Vth century .
  • During the barbarian invasions Lusitania pass into the hands of alains, the Swabian, Visigoth before being conquered by the Arabs in 712 .

    The Middle Ages:
    • During the Spanish conquest, the Christian kings of Asturias occupy Lisbon and Henry of Burgundy is made Earl provinces between Dourho and Minho by Alfonso VI, king of Castile and Leon, in recognition of the wars against the Arabs. He married Teresa daughter of Alfonso VI and fixed his capital in Porto.
    • The son of Henry of Burgundy, Alfonso Henriquez, was proclaimed King of Portugal by his soldiers after a victory against the Moors.

      • In the XVth and XVIéme century, Portugal built a large colonial empire. A succession of battle sees Philip II, King of Spain, taking power in 1581.
      • Now a Spanish province, Portugal is experiencing a period of decline. A popular uprising hunting Spanish and John, Duke of Braganza, was proclaimed king of Portugal in 1640.
      • In the XVII and XVIII century, Portugal is modernizing and enjoy the riches of Brazil.

        The nineteenth century:
        • Invaded by Napoleon's troops in 1807, King moved to Brazil. The country is conquered with the support of English and John VI returns.
        • In 1825, he was forced to recognize the independence of Brazil headed by his son Dom Pedro. He abdicated in favor of his daughter Donna Maria who will lose the power to the Cortes.
        • Dom Pedro comes from Brazil, forced by a revolution, and returned to power with the support of English. He replaces Dona Maria at the head of the country.
        • At the end of the XIX century, Portugal is experiencing great difficulties to maintain its colonies and economic hardship on his land.
        • In 1908, Charles I and Crown Prince Louis Philippe of Braganza are murdered. The monarchy has no more than two years during the reign of Manuel II before a revolution breaks out.

          The twentieth century:
          • On 5 October 1910 Portugal became a republic. Ambitious reforms to face popular conservatism (especially regarding the separation of church and state).
          • Due to disturbances, a military coup door General Pimenta de Castro in power. The Republic is restored after the First World War but coups succeed in the 1920s.
          • Oscar Carmona took power in 1928 and instead Salazar to the presidency. It sets up a fascist regime that lasted until the fall of the dictatorship in 1974 with the Carnation Revolution.
          • Portugal embarks on the path of democratization, decolonization and development. In 1986, Portugal joined the European Union.