The history of Mexico ... in outline

Plongée à Playa Del Carmen

Not easy to summarize the rich history of Mexico in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we visit. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

The Columbian period
  • The first human presence is attested in Mexico since 50,000 BC human groups descended from the north.
  • Great civilizations have succeeded to Mexican territory: Olmecs, Mayans, Zapotecs, Mixtecs, Toltecs and Aztecs .

    The Spanish colonization:
    • The last empires will be won between 1519 and 1521 by Hernan Cortes.
    • The Spaniards attacked the Aztecs, the dominant group in this period, and exterminated.
    • If Mexico had more than 25 million inhabitants before the arrival of Spanish, it is still more that 1 million in 1650.

      The nineteenth century and independence:
      • Until 1821, Mexico is part of the Spanish monarchy under the name of New Spain, the territory also includes much of the southern United States.
      • The War of Independence of Mexico begins in 1810, the Treaty of Cordoba in 1821 mark the country's independence. In the following years the country is marked by numerous disturbances and wars, including the war against the French Pastries and war against the United States in 1846-1848, which will make them lose the northern half of the country. Many separatist states declare themselves independent during these years.
      • Between 1862 and 1867 the French working in the country and take power, is the empire of Maximilian of Habsburg.

        The twentieth century:
        • From 1867 to 1910, Portifirio Diaz became president of the republic, the country receives many foreign investment and rapidly modernizing.
        • After a gigantic electoral fraud face Francisco Madero, many movements and revolutionary parties took up arms in all the country. The Revolutionary National Party NRP took power in 1928 and remained there until 2000 under the name of PRM and PRI (Institutional Revolutionary Party).
        • In 1994, Mexico enters NAFTA (free trade agreement between Canada, USA and Mexico).

          The Next Century:
          • In 2000, Vicente Fox became president. The PAN (National Action Party) is returned to power in 2006. Mexico is marked since 2006 by a major war of the drug cartels that killed more than 6,000 deaths each year.