The history of Brazil ... in outline


Brésil

Not easy to summarize the rich history of Brazil in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we visit. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Up until the early settlers:
  • The first human settlements in the territory of Brazil date back 60 000 years.
  • At the end of the XVth century, the territory is inhabited by semi-nomadic tribes.
  • In 1500, Pedro Alvarez Cabral docks on the Brazilian coast, it is followed by other explorers who report brazil wood.

    sixteenth and seventeenth:
    • In 1532, the Sao Vicente colony was founded. The territory is divided into 15 captaincies. Sugarcane is introduced.
    • In 1555, France implements a colony in the bay of Rio de Janeiro in order to conquer the rest of the territory but the Portuguese are sending reinforcements. The French tried several times to settle in the territory but the Portuguese decided to intensify their presence.
    • In 1550, the first slaves were shipped to Brazil for sugar cultivation. The Dutch are trying to turn to settle and take the cities of Recife, Natal and Salvador in 1630.
    • Portugal recovered these territories after the Anglo-Dutch War of 1652-1654.

      XIX
      • Napoleon invaded Portugal in 1807, the Regent Paul VI set sail for Brazil. He stayed there until 1821 and left in power his son Peter I of Brazil. The latter proclaimed the independence of Brazil and declared emperor in 1822.
      • In 1825, Portugal recognizes the independence but Peter I, challenged, abdicated in favor of his then Peter II over 6 years old. Once major Peter II, he modernized the country embarks on industrialization.
      • Slavery was abolished in 1888. The army overthrew the emperor in 1889 and proclaimed the Republic.

        XX
        • Brazil will be led until 1929 by coronels, an assembly of wealthy owners and local officials. After a coup, Getulio Vargas became president in 1930.
        • Brazil agrees to Allied side in World War II and the end of the war gives way to the Second Republic. Brasilia, the new capital, is built in the middle of the jungle. This relatively stable period despite social inequalities and institutionalized corruption will result in a military dictatorship in 1964.
        • The military junta that took power can be sustained until 1985. The development of poverty and insecurity, military corruption have because of this dictatorship which loses its support during the financial crisis 1980.
        • In 1985, Tancredo Neves was elected president but died before taking office, the Vice President José Sarney becomes president and restore democracy.
        • In 2002, former trade unionist Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva won the presidential election, he was reelected in 2006. The country is developing and accesses the countries emergent.
        • In 2010, Rousseff was elected president of Brazil.