The history of the Netherlands ... in outline

Les Pays-Bas

Not easy to summarize the history of the Netherlands in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that 'we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Antiquity and the Middle Ages:
  • There are traces of human occupation in the territory of the Netherlands from the Mesolithic period (20,000 to 10,000).
  • The Netherlands are conquered by Julius Caesar in 58 BC and became the northern border of the empire. The empire's fall gives way to the Germanic tribes including the Frisians, Saxons and Franks.
  • In 734, the Frisians were defeated by the Franks, who took control of the territory.
  • In the ninth century, the Vikings occupy the land but King Henry the Fowler the stops 920 in Utrecht and the Netherlands joined the Holy Roman Empire. The territory is split into small counties, duchies and kingdoms are at war. Not until the Dukes for there to be genuine unity.

    The Renaissance and XIX:
    • In the game of European estates, the Netherlands passed to the Habsburgs before becoming part of the 17 provinces of the Spanish Netherlands under Charles V.
    • In 1579, the independence of the United Provinces declared. It is a republic of independent provinces 7.
    • They will be recognized by Spain in 1648, after a struggle of William of Orange for independence.
    • The United Provinces became the Batavian Republic and the Kingdom of Holland before being invaded by Napoleon.
    • The Kingdom of the Netherlands was founded in 1815 at the Congress of Vienna as the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. The first king William of Orange Nassau. The Benelux is still part of this kingdom but the Belgian Catholics gained independence in 1830. The Grand Duchy Luxembourg became independent in 1839.

      The XX:
      • The Netherlands is an important commercial and colonial power but the Second World War will end this power in the East.
      • Indonesia became independent in 1945, the New Guinea in 1962, the Dutch Guiana in 1975.
      • The country is now a constitutional monarchy headed by Queen Beatrix. It is a founding member of NATO and the European Union.