The history of Rouen ... broadly


Not easy to summarize the history of Rouen in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the city that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

  • At the Gallo-Roman, a small city grows and becomes the capital of the tribe Veliocasses, a Gallic Celtic people. This is the ancestor of Rouen will become the 2nd largest city after city Gaulle Lugdunum (Lyon).
  • From IIIĆ©me century the town suffered barbarian invasions and Christianized.
  • Rouen is ravaged by the Vikings in 841.
  • In 843, Rouen became the capital of the Duchy of Normandy headed the Viking leader Rollo that the King of France made Earl of Rouen.

    Middle Ages
    • In 949, Richard I, Duke of Normandy, Rouen won the seat against the coalition of the King of France, Louis IV, the Holy Roman Emperor Otto the Great and the Count of Flanders.
    • Caen Rouen replaced as the capital of Normandy under the reign of William the Conqueror. Rouen is an important commercial center.
    • After the capture of Rouen in 1204 by Philippe Auguste, Normandy is attached to the kingdom of France. Textile factories are developing in Rouen buying wool in England and sells bedding in Champagne. The Rouen merchants a monopoly of navigation on the Seine Aval Paris and thus control all trade between England and France.
    • In 1419, during the Hundred Years War, Henry V, King of England, takes Rouen and Normandy attached to England.
    • Joan of Arc was tried and burned at the stake in Rouen in 1431.
    • The King of France retook the city in 1449.

      • Rouen is a center of Renaissance art and is a major commercial hub in Europe. Religious wars severely affect the city.
      • From 1499, Rouen has a parliament (the board) with skills in Normandy and French Canada.
      • Rouen also has a strong intellectual influence in Europe.

        XIX and XX:
        • From the XIX century, Rouen guard regional importance but is losing influence. In 1870, the city was occupied by the Prussians.
        • The city suffers greatly from the bombing of the Second World War and after the war it was rebuilt, the city center is under the Greber plan.