The history of Beijing ... broadly


Voyage en Chine

Not easy to summarize the history of Beijing in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the city that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Prehistory:
  • The Beijing region is inhabited for over 250,000 years, Peking Man lived in the hills of the bone Dragon at Zhoukoudian.
  • Many important towns dating from the first millennium BC were found near the present Beijing.

    From the twelfth to the XIX
    • But Beijing became a strategic center from the ninth century, the Khitan Liao Dynasty and founded the make Beijing in 1122 one of their four capitals.
    • Jurchen conquered the Liao Empire and founded the Jin Dynasty, Beijing becomes the capital of their empire but will be sacked by the Mongols in 1215. The Mongol prince Kublai Khan rebuilt the city and made it his capital. < / li>
    • During the Ming Dynasty, is first of Nanjing the capital, but in 1403 the emperor Yongle Beijing is the seat of government. He built the Forbidden City and the Temple of Heaven.
    • From 1421, Beijing became the official capital of the Ming.
      Ming are reversed in 1644 when the peasant army of Li Zicheng captured Beijing before being routed by the Manchu army.
      Qing Dynasty succeeded the Ming and Beijing became the capital of China.

      The XX:
      • Beijing remains the capital at the coming of the Republic and during the Japanese invasion Beijing is the capital of the Chinese government employee.
      • On 1 January 1949 the Communists enter Beijing without resistance and October 1, Mao Zedong announced the creation of the People's Republic of China on Tiananmen Square.
      • Beijing grew considerably and now has over 18 million inhabitants. The planning of the city has undergone many transformations during the 2008 Olympics