The history of Nice ... broadly


Not easy to summarize the history of Nice in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the city that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

  • Nice site has been occupied since 400,000 BC, including Terra Amata.
  • Between 900 BC and 600 BC, the Ligurians settled on the coast and the Celts.
  • The Phoenicians settled in the colony Massilia (Marseille) create settlements on the coast and particularly in Nikaia (Nice).
  • This Greek colony is attacked by different tribes before the Romans are to power in 154 BC.
  • Nice remains during the barbarian invasions of the fall of the Roman Empire in the Vth century.

    The Middle Ages:
    • Nice starts to get rich in the trade especially with Pisa and Genoa. It passes from the authority of the counts of Provence to that of Genoa in 1215.
    • From 1265, Nice came under the authority of the counts of Anjou.
    • In the XIVth century, several epidemics of plague decimated 2/3 of the population of Nice.
    • In 1388, Nice refuses to recognize Louis of Anjou and gives the Savoy. The County of Nice is created, Nice became an important stronghold to avoid being recovered by the Counts of Provence and the kings of France.
    • In XVIéme century, when Provence was annexed by the Kingdom of France, Nice is a buffer zone between France and the Holy Roman Empire.

      • Nice continues to grow in maritime trade, especially with Provence and Liguria, and the city in XVII century is covered with Baroque churches.
      • Louis XIV annexed the city and proclaimed Count of Nice, he pulled down the fortress and raze the walls but at the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 of France returns the County of Nice to Savoy.

        eighteenth, nineteenth centuries:
        • The city modernized and hosts first English tourists to the XVIII century.
        • In 1790, the county of Nice hosts many cons-revolutionary.
        • When the empire, Nice passes from hand to hand and suffers from the halt in trade in the Mediterranean.
        • In 1815, the Treaty of Paris grants Nice to Victor Emmanuel I King of Sardinia. The city modernized and hosts increasingly wintering, English and Russian.
        • The Sardinian kings restore Nice to France in 1860 following a referendum. Nice is a city of leisure: theater, opera, ... racetracks are built the medieval carnival is exhumed .

          twentieth century:
          • In the XXth century, Nice hosts the biggest names in American literature and tourists from around the world and paid holidays all over France.
          • The city suffered two wars but after the Second World War the city is growing strongly in welcoming immigrants (Italian, Algerian, Maghreb ...) and many retirees!