The history of London ... in outline

Londres, à quelques heures de la France : shopping, musées et culture, pubs....

Not easy to summarize the rich history of London in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the city that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

  • Londinium was founded by the Romans in 43 AD but the city was taken by the Celtic queen Boudicca in 60 and destroyed by fire. The city was quickly rebuilt and became the capital of the Roman province of Britain.
  • In the second century, the city is surrounded by the London Wall which marks the boundaries of the city for over a millennium.
  • In IIIéme century Londinum welcomes more than 45 000 people.
  • With the departure of the Romans in the Vth century, the town in jeopardy to be virtually abandoned.
  • Around 600, the Anglo-Saxon based Lundenwic 1km upstream of the Roman city.

    From the Middle Ages to the eighteenth century:
    • Several English King moved to London and the prosperous city despite the Viking attacks. King Knut II of Denmark took control of the city from 1017 to 1042 but the city was taken over by the Anglo-Saxon, which make it the largest city and most prosperous kingdom.
    • Once, London will continue to grow, becoming the capital of the kingdom to the XIIth century.
    • In the XVII century, London was hit by plague epidemics that decimated much of the population, more in 1666 the great fire destroyed part of the city.

      The Industrial Revolution:
      • In the XIX century, London is the spearhead of the Industrial Revolution, it is the most populous city in the world and a major economic and financial center.
      • In 1863 was built the first subway in the world. The city continues to expand the XXth century.

        twentieth century:
        • London pales in World War II, including the Blitz, the German bombing.
        • After World War II, London welcomes immigrants from the Commonwealth by one of the European cities most cosmopolitan.
        • In 1980, London gets its place on the front of the international economic scene.
        • In 2005, the city suffered Islamist suicide attacks.
        • In 2012, London hosts the Olympics.