The history of Corsica ... broadly

Girolata, Corse

Not easy to summarize the history of Corsica in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of this island to the tumultuous past. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

  • The first human settlements in Corsica are attested from 9000 BC, these isolated groups of hunter-gatherers. Neolithic agriculture and livestock grows with the arrival of Ligurian population and Phoenician.
  • The Etruscans were the first to take control of Corsica followed the Carthaginians. It became a Roman imperial province.
  • The fall of Rome will be followed by the barbarians arrived in Corsica: Vandals, Ostrogoths and Lombards finally .

    Middle age independence:
    • Charlemagne, king of the Lombards, the island offers the Pope. Many rivalries shook the island that the Pope entrusts the Bishop of Pisa between the XIth century and the XIIIth century.
    • Genoa then take power on the island it shares in 10 provinces. Many Corsican feudal emerge and in 1553 the Corsican allied with the French and the Turks of Algiers began a revolution that ended in failure in 1559.
    • Many uprisings and guerrilla movements continue to oppose the Republic of Genoa but a war of independence will only begin in 1729 and culminate in 1735.

      Corsica and France
      • In 1736, the Corsican supporters elect a King Theodore of Corsica but struggles continue between Genoese, French, British, Spaniards, Austrians ... and Corsica quickly loses its independence.
      • In 1768, France acquires the remaining duties of Genoa on the island and will become property of France in 1778. The troubles continue and Corsica will be unified only during the XIX century under the tutelage of France .
      • Corsica pay a heavy price during the two world wars. After the Second World War. France will launch later in the economic development and tourism in Corsica but is facing separatist movements increasingly powerful.
      • In 1960, when the creation of regions in France, Corsica is part of the Provence-Côte d'Azur, Corsica. In 1970, it will form an independent region.