The history of Belgium ... in outline

Not easy to summarize the history of Belgium in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

  • There are traces of human occupation in Belgium from the Mesolithic period (20,000 to 10,000).
  • Belgium was conquered by Rome around 50 BC and is part of the Belgian Gaul.
  • Invaded by Frankish tribes in the Vth century, the territory then passed to the Merovingian Clovis under the authority.

    The Middle Ages:
    • Under the authority of the Carolingian, the Belgian territory passed from hand to hand from the succession of Charlemagne: France, Spain, Netherlands, German Empire ...
    • In the late Middle Ages, the Belgian territory is split into provinces that are mostly under the authority of the Dukes.
    • In the XVth century, Belgium goes through the game of estates under the authority of Charles V, King of Spain.

      From the sixteenth to the nineteenth:
      • XVIéme century was eventful: split the Netherlands, anti-Spanish revolts, religious riots, French conquest attempts ...
      • Still not play inheritances, the Belgian provinces came under Austrian rule but a revolution leads to a brief period of independence of Belgium United states.
      • The country was annexed by France in 1793.
      • On the fall of the Empire, the United Provinces form the Kingdom of the Netherlands but the south rose against the north and the 1830 Belgian Revolution led to the creation of independent Belgium. A kingdom is founded, the throne is offered to Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, a German prince (after being rejected by the Duke of Nemours, son of the King of France). Leopold I took the oath in front of the rooms.
      • Belgium with its reserves of coal and iron becomes a driving force behind the industrial revolution in Europe.

        The XX:
        • In the First World War, Belgium declares its neutrality but was invaded by the Germans. The country went to war and will stand behind the front line of the Yser for 4 years.
        • In 1940, Belgium was occupied again and placed under military administration.
        • After the war, Belgium is a founding member of NATO and the European community.
        • After 60 years, Flanders becomes economically more productive and richer while Wallonia is hard hit by deindustrialization.
        • Community tensions between Flemish and Walloon make the difficult political life in Belgium.