The history of Italy ... in outline


Not easy to summarize the rich history of Italy in brief ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of major events that have marked the history of the country that we visit. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

  • Before the Roman Empire, the current territory of Italy is occupied by different cultures and civilizations: Greek south, Italic peoples from Central Europe at the center Etruscan civilization, the Celts, Ligurians and Venetians north ....
  • From its foundation in the VIIth century BC, Rome continues to grow in importance in the first century BC it dominates the entire Mediterranean basin and 89 BC it grants citizenship to all Italian people. Following the political unrest, the Republic becomes Roman Empire and then in 293, the empire is divided in two: Roman emprire of West and East Roman Empire .
  • In 313 Emperor Constantine guaranteed religious freedom, Christianity then spread throughout Italy .
  • The Western Roman Empire collapsed under the onslaught of the barbarians in Vth century .

    From the Middle Ages to the Renaissance
    • Until the end of the Renaissance, Italy is composed of various principalities, republics, monarchies ... very fragmented engaged in bloody wars involving their European neighbors. The fragmented Italian principalities will gradually go to the dogs face the European giants to the XIX century.

      The nineteenth century
      • The first unification project born from the Napoleonic invasion but this one redécoupe the peninsula in different states. This is against Austria and especially against Napoleon III and Victor Emmanuel II the Kingdom of Sardinia will succeed in unifying a part of Italy.
      • In 1861, the Kingdom of Italy is proclaimed. Venice was annexed to the kingdom in 1866 and Rome in 1870. Rome became the capital in 1871. The government is a constitutional monarchy with a parliament elected by limited suffrage.
      • A break between the most modern industrial northern and southern agriculture to the quasi-feudal organization will lead to violently repressed insurrections that will push many poor South to emigration.

        The twentieth century
        • During World War I Italy remained neutral at the start although part of the Triple Alliance (German Empire, the Austro Hungarian Empire, Kingdom of Italy) and declares war on his former allies. Austria Hungary's defeat in 1918 and the Treaty of Versailles redraws borders in favor of Italy but not as much as she would have liked.
        • After the war, Italy was hit by a severe economic crisis which lead to the seizure of power by the Nationalists led by Benito Mussolini. The latter was first elected and then gradually settles a fascist state.
        • During the Second World War, Italy was allied with Nazi Germany and declared war on Britain on June 10, 1940. Italy suffers from 'major defeat and the allies landed in Sicily in 1943. While the south surrendered and continued the war alongside the allies, Hitler established the Republic of Salo north with Mussolini at its head.
        • A civil war seized the country in April 1945 Mussolini was hanged by communists while trying to flee to Switzerland .
        • In June 1946, a referendum puts an end to the monarchy and the Republic is proclamée.L'Italie then the scene of a developing economy without so before the clashes and political scandals multiply.
        • The 1970s, years of lead are marked by an extreme left terrorism significant .
        • In the 1990s the Mani Pulite operation (hand) ends the racketeers climates of politics and leads to dislocation of the three major political forces: Christian Democracy, Communist party and Socialist party).