The history of Spain ... in outline

Découvrir l'Espagne

Not easy to summarize the rich history of Spain in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of major events that have marked the history of the country that we visit. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

  • The first populations of the Iberian Peninsula dates back to the Paleolithic. From Xéme century BC Celtic populations and Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian come aggregating the Iberians.
  • The Romans occupy the peninsula from the second century BC .
  • From the Vth century, the barbarians invaded the peninsula and the Visigoth will be masters of the territory to Muslim invasions from the eighth century .
  • The country became a caliphate in 929, it will collapse the XIth century fragmenting into micro-states: the Taifa .

    From the Middle Ages to the Renaissance
    • Christians begin the Reconquista from the north of Spain until the fall of the kingdom of Granada in 1492 and the country was unified in 1512
    • The Spanish monarchy is part of the Habsburg Empire and became the XVIéme century the largest European power thanks to its vast colonial empire which brings many riches.

      The nineteenth century
      • The weakened empire in XVIII century was invaded by Napoleon in 1808 placing his brother Joseph Bonaparte on the throne. The civil resistance leads to the withdrawal of French troops in 1814.
      • Spain remains very weak and gradually lost its colonies. The monarchy bourbons is jostled, the first republic was set up in 1873 and 1874, then a one second chase finally the Bourbons in 1931.

        The twentieth century
        • The Spanish Popular Front wins elections in 1936 but the civil war rumbles and General Franco took power in 1939. The Franco dictatorship will remain in place until the Caudillo's death in 1975. Before dying, he restored the monarchy.
        • Juan Carlos came to power and restored democracy. The country was living out a real economic miracle country out of the doldrums. A significant decentralization policy is in place giving a broad independence in some autonomous communities (Galicia, Catalonia, Basque Country).