Hong Kong's history ... in outline

Escale à Hong-Kong

Not easy to summarize the history of Hong Kong in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the city that 'we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Until the nineteenth:

Before 1830, the island of Hong Kong is a small territory composed of several fishing villages or producers of charcoal.

The nineteenth:
  • During the First Opium War (1839-1842), the English occupy this site to accommodate a deep water port and very close to Guangzhou, China only town authorized to trade with foreigners. < / li>
  • The Treaty of Nanking gives UK territory forever. 10 years later, this small country of just over 33 000 inhabitants and trade are developing strongly. The city welcomes Chinese refugees in particular following the Taiping rebellion.
  • At the end of the Second Opium War (1856-1860), the territory is expanding with the Kowloon peninsula to the north of the island.
  • In 1898, the United Kingdom and China sign a long lease of 99 years on new territory around Hong Kong.

    The XX:
    • Hong Kong has more than 1.6 million people in 1941 but remains quite poor, the Japanese occupation brought down the population to 600,000.
    • The coming to power of Communists produced an influx of refugees unprecedented.
    • The city then experienced an extraordinary economic boom: it is an important commercial center, then built his fortune on the textile before becoming in 1970 a premier financial center .
    • With the transformation of Shenzhen Special Economic Zone in 1979, Hong Kong is a strategic point for trade with China.
    • In 1997, the lease for new territory to reach its end but in the Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984, the UK has committed to return all of Hong Kong.
    • So, on 1 July 1997, Hong Kong became a special administrative region of China, which remains cut off Chinese territory and even has its own legislative assembly.