The history of Florence ... broadly


Not easy to summarize the rich history of Florence in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the city that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

  • Founded in 59 BC, Florence (Firenze in Italian) will take flight at XIIth century ... until then, it is a town that lives in the quiet days on the Arno.

    The Middle Ages:
    • From 1081, the institution of the town of Florence is confirmed, the Italian municipalities are true self-government.
    • From rich merchants emerge and groups within the Popolo. They take an active part in the town of Florence from the XIIth century by the Executive Board: the Consulate will become the Podesta .
    • In 1250, the People Captain charge is created and in 1282 a priors Board of the merchant corporation belonging to seven major arts: wool, linen, change and bankers, silky and goldsmiths, furriers and furriers, judges and notaries, doctors and apothecaries. The guild of merchants prohibits access to loads nobles.
    • In the XIV century the town suffered major crises riots, bankruptcy of the Peruzzi family (bankers) and especially in 1343 the black plague decimates half the population .

      The Renaissance:
      • Various clans fighting over the city until the takeover by the Medici in 1434. This is the beginning of a boom time for the city of Florence which became the capital of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany 1569.
      • The Medici protect architects and artists, they are the ones that give Florence the majority of monuments and works that make its success today. The city became a leading figure of the Italian Renaissance that will influence the arts throughout Europe.

        nineteenth and twentieth centuries:
        • Florence remains a major city economically. In 1808 Florence became the capital of the Arno, a French department.
        • The city then experienced a decline but in 1865 it became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy for 5 years before being dethroned by Rome.
        • In the XXth century, Florence became a major tourist attraction in Europe, its population triple and remains an important industrial center and financial services.