The history of Cuba ... in outline


Not easy to summarize the history of Cuba in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we visit. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

From Columbus to independence:
  • The first people of Cuba were of Native American tribes, mainly Ciboney and Taino.
  • The first conquistadors arrived in XVIéme century after the discovery of the island by Christopher Columbus in 1492.
  • The island will remain a Spanish colony until the Treaty of Paris in 1898. The Indian population is virtually decimated in a few years.
  • Cuba was mainly used to stop between the New World and Spain before specializing in tobacco crops, coffee and sugar cane. These activities require a lot of hands works, the island people of African slaves.
  • English reign on the island for a short interval in 1762 and 1763 but the crown of Spain will lose control of Cuba at the end of the XIX century.

    XIX and XX:
    • struggles for independence began throughout the XIX century. The 10-year war began in 1868, the United States intervened and occupied the island from 1898 to 1902 and then from 1905 to 1909, it will retain a strong influence until 1934.
    • In 1959, Fidel Castro overthrew dictator Fulgencio Batista in the head of an army of rebels. A socialist policy is put in place, and the nationalization of foreign assets are the beginning of a war with the United States.
    • In 1961, the American CIA attempt a landing with Cuban refugees at the Bay of Pigs but it is a dismal failure. The United States set up an economic embargo in 1962, still in force today. Cuba is widely supported pat the USSR until 1990 and is involved in many conflicts of the Cold War in Africa and Latin America.
    • Since 1990, Cuba faced a severe economic crisis.
    • In 2006, Raul Castro Ruiz replaces his brother Fidel Castro as head of state.