The Chinese history ... in outline

Voyage en Chine

Not easy to sum up the rich history of China in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we visit. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

The dynasties:
  • The presence of sedentary societies organized within China is attested from the Neolithic.
  • The first dynasties (Xia, Shang, Zhou) emerging in the center of China but this is the Qin dynasty that first unify the country from its founding by Shi Huang in 221 BC.
  • Large dynasties follow one another at the head of the country with alternating periods disorders: Han (-206 to 220), Period 3 kingdoms, Sui, Tang (618-907), a period of 5 dynasties and 10 kingdoms , Song (960-1279), Mongols and Yuan dynasty, the Ming (1368-1644), Qing.
  • Qing dynasty Manchu ethnic group will be the last. After the first Industrial Revolution, China suffers from the influence of the Western powers and the war with Japan.

    The twentieth century:
    • In 1912, Sun Ya Tsen proclaimed the Republic and Puyi's last emperor abdicated. The monarchy is reproclamée in 1915 but the country descended into political and economic chaos.
    • In 1921, the Communist Party is established in Shanghai. In 1925, Chiang Kai-shek restored order in China, the Communists are constantly repelled by the Nationalist Party (Kuomintang).
    • In 1931, Mao Zedong proclaimed the Chinese Soviet Republic and began the long walk to take refuge with 100 000 men in the north to Yan'an, only 10,000 survivors arrive at their destination.
    • In 1937, the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out. Communists and nationalists join forces against the Japanese invaders. The Communist Party is gaining importance while nationalists are exhausted by the Sino-Japanese war and demoralized by corruption.
    • In 1949, the communist movement led by Mao Zedong seized power in most of the country, Beijing went to the People's Liberation Army without resistance. On October 1, Mao proclaimed the People's Republic of China, Chiang Kai Shek proclaimed the Republic of China on Taiwan Island.
    • In the late 50s, the Great Leap policy ahead supposed modernize China will result in starvation of 15 and 30 million dead. The country is modernizing and the Chinese economy is growing at the cost of terrible sacrifices.
    • In 1978, Deng Xiaoping set up the socialist market economy that will propel China to the forefront of the world economy.
    • In 2002, China entered the WTO, economic growth is spectacular. Democracy, social rights and human rights progress but remain far behind the West.