The history of Amsterdam ... in outline


Not easy to summarize the history of Amsterdam in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the city that 'we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Until XVI:
  • The Amsterdam fishing village is built in the XIIIth century near the dam (Dam in Dutch) built on the Amstel river.
  • The village became an important trading port and gets city status at the beginning of the XIV century.
  • In the religious wars that shook Europe in XVIéme century, Amsterdam became a haven guaranteeing religious freedom. Rich Portuguese and Spanish Jewish families, merchants of Antwerp and the French Huguenots refuge there.
  • The city is enriched quickly and becomes a key economic position in Europe.

    • In the XVII century, Amsterdam became the largest port in the world and an international financial center. This is the golden age, both economically and culturally. The canals were built and many artists (especially Rembrandt) are famous.

      eighteenth and twentieth
      • Weakened by the wars against France and England in the XVIII century and XIX century, Amsterdam is in decline.
      • At the end of the XIX century, the Industrial Revolution gives a little prosperity to the city.

        • The city will suffer economically from the 1st World War and the large Jewish community is negated with the Second World War.
        • In the 1960s and 1970s, Amsterdam hosts many European hippies in particular because of tolerance towards drug use.
        • Amsterdam today is a tourist city that attracts visitors from around the world because of its history but also for its nightlife.