History of Amsterdam


The timeline below provides an overview of the history of Amsterdam and its cultural heritage, but you can learn more by visiting the city ...

At the end of the twelfth century:

village Aemstelledame forms around a dam (dam) on the Amstel river in the Netherlands. This dam gives its name to the city of Amsterdam and today it is still present in the form of the Dam, the main square in the center of the city.


Amsterdam officially became a municipality. In the mid-fourteenth century, "the miracle of Amsterdam" attracts many pilgrims, the population increases. According to this miracle, a dying man named Ijsbrand Dommer receives the sacrament of the sick and communion. He vomited the Host which is then collected in a basin and then thrown into the fire. Attendees then see the Host suspended above the flames intact. They then make public the miracle and then organize an annual procession.


Amsterdam enters a Hanse, an association of Dutch merchants. Trade with foreign countries and advance the Port of Amsterdam becomes increasingly important.


Philip II, King of Spain, converted by force the Amsterdammers to Catholicism. Beginning of the war with Spain, which will last 80 years and will end with the independence of Amsterdam.


The tulip arrived in Amsterdam and became the national symbol of the Netherlands.

In the early seventeenth century:

with the founding of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in 1602, the golden age begins in Amsterdam. The city is growing rapidly. Wealthy Jews, who come into the city, bringing new capital. Through trade, we find in this country of valuable products from India and the Pacific, Amsterdam becomes the richest city in Europe.


War between France and England. The fall of the Golden Age begins, because the port of Amsterdam no longer receives goods from India. With the construction of the first award, the city conquered the finance market.

At the end of the seventeenth century:

tulip mania broke out. The purchase warrants with tulip bulbs becomes possible. At the height of the latter in February 1637 of call options for a bulb traded for an amount equal to twenty times the annual salary of a skilled artisan. In Amsterdam, a full house is sold for three tulip bulbs.


War between the Netherlands and England, which has negative consequences for the Dutch economy.


Louis Bonaparte, brother of the Emperor Napoleon, was appointed king of the Netherlands and chose Amsterdam as the capital of his empire.


The Kingdom of the Netherlands, which brings together the Netherlands and a small part of Germany (East Frisia, Jever), is suppressed by the Emperor Napoleon and is now part of France.


Opening the Vondelpark, the largest city park in Amsterdam.


Opening of the North Sea Canal. With access to the North Sea, Britain and the United States, the Netherlands expect a new boom.


Rijksmuseum Collections can be admired in a neo-Gothic building, located on the Museumplein in Amsterdam.


Completed construction of the Central Station in Amsterdam.


Opening Stedelijk Museum.


Opening of Schiphol Airport. It is the largest airport of the Netherlands and a rallying point for international travelers. A year later, the men were allowed to vote, and soon after women too.


The Olympic Games take place in Amsterdam.

Before the war:

Amsterdam is the world center of the diamond trade. Numerous known diamonds are produced in the city. With the deportation of Jewish tailors during the Second World War, this trade flexes.


World War II Amsterdam was occupied by the Germans, many Jews are killed. In the winter of 1944 - 1945, known as the winter of starvation, still occupied regions suffer greatly. Finally in 1945 the town was liberated by Allied troops.


Juliana, daughter of Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands becomes the new queen of the Netherlands. His reign is more modern and more humane. It brings the royal family of the people and wins the hearts of the Dutch.


Reaching the Van Gogh Museum.


On April 30, Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard takes the place of her mother Juliana and ascended the throne.


Members of the European Union sign the contract of Amsterdam.


The eldest son of Queen Beatrix, Prince Willem-Alexander, wife M & aacute; xima Zorreguieta in the Nieuwe Kerk in Amsterdam, o & uacute; he organized a great show for the occasion. The prince will be the next king after the reign of his mother. The Netherlands allows the connection of a marriage contract between two persons of the same sex. They are the first to enable these types of union.


The work to build the new northeast metro start. The inauguration is scheduled for 2013. The line will go north of Amsterdam Zuid Station, passing through the central station which is at the center of the city.


A new high speed rail line was inaugurated. It goes from the Amsterdam Central Station, through Schiphol Airport and arrives at Rotterdam Central Station.

Currently, Amsterdam is a city with over 750,000 inhabitants and is one of the most cosmopolitan cities in Europe. Thanks to its many monuments, the charm of its canals and its lively nightlife, Amsterdam is a popular city and very popular with tourists.