From India: practice, seeing, organization, accommodation, transport ...


Vacances en Inde

India is the largest country in the Indian subcontinent, it shares borders with Pakistan to the west, China and Nepal in the north, Bhutan to the north-east and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. India is the seventh largest country in the world by area, and with over a billion people the most populous country after China.

India is a very diverse country, with vast differences in geography, climate, culture, language (over 438 living languages).
Although it is a mistake to believe that there exists a single unified Indian culture, there is certainly unifying themes that connect different cultures.
The cultural heritage of India is expressed through its myriad of languages, literature and poetry, traditional music, modern cinema with Bollywood, its classical and folk dances.
India is a parliamentary democracy modeled on the British system, the judicial system is strong and independent and free press.
India is a federal republic divided into 28 states and 7 territories, each with their own legislatures. The states are generally defined on a linguistic basis.

What to see in India

Below is a selection of the most remarkable cities of India

  • Delhi , the capital of India and the heart of North India.
  • Bangalore , the garden city.
  • Chennai (formerly Madras), the main port in southern India.
  • Jaipur , the pink city.
  • Kochi (Cochin), the Queen of the Arabian Sea, historically a center of international trade, now the gateway to the sandy beaches.
  • Kolkata (Calcutta), the cultural capital of India, Kolkata is home to many colonial buildings.
  • Mumbai (Bombay), the financial capital of India and Bollywood film.
  • Shimla , the summer capital of British India in the foothills of the Himalayas with a vast heritage of Victorian architecture.
  • Varanasi , considered the city's most sacred Hindu, it is located on the banks of the Ganges and is one of the oldest cities in the world.
  • Pondicherry , a former French colony, home to many colonial buildings.

    In India many exceptional sites, here are the most notable:

    • Bodh Gaya, where Buddha Sakyamuni attained enlightenment.
    • Ellora / Ajanta spectacular cave monasteries carved into the rock, a holy place for Buddhists, Jains and Hindus.
    • Goa, a former Portuguese trading post known for its sandy beaches and hippie culture.
    • The Golden Temple, Sikhism's holy place, this temple is gold plated and is located in Amritsar.
    • Hampi, impressive ruins of the Vijayanagar empire.
    • Khajuraho, famous for its erotic sculptures, supposedly the birthplace of the Kamasutra.
    • Konark Sun Temple, unique example of Kalingan architecture, a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
    • Meenakshi Temple, a spectacular Hindu temple in Madurai
    • Taj Mahal, the incomparable marble tomb located in Agra.
    • Tirupati Balaji Temple, one of the richest temples in the world.

      Climate in India

      In southern India:
      In India, it rains only during a specific time of the year, the southwest monsoon is the most important, it lasts June to September. One can designate the climate of southern India as tropical
      In the north of India.
      The northeast monsoon hits the east coast between October and February , usually in the form of occasional hurricanes that wreak havoc every year.
      The North knows extreme conditions, high temperatures in summer (April and May) and very cold in winter (November to January).

      Go India

      If you go to Bombay from Paris, the flight time is 12 hours on average. The airline company Air India offers direct flights from Paris CDG. Expect to pay about 750 euros for a round trip France-India, whatever the destination.
      The Bombay-Mumbai Airport is located 20 km from downtown. Many shuttles city / airport (taxi, bus) link with the city center
      The other international airports.

      • Chennai International Airport.
      • Netaji International Airport Subhash Chandra Bose in Calcutta.
      • Trivadrum International Airport.
      • International Airport Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi Guwahati.
      • NewDelhi International Airport.
      • The Bangalore International Airport.
      • Hyderabad International Airport.
      • Goa International Airport. (Connected by many European charters as Condor, Edelweiss, Monarch Airlines, Thomas Cook Airlines and Thomson Airways).

        Visa and entry formalities in India

        You will need to get your tourist visa in advance at Indian embassies and consulates in France or abroad, unless you are a citizen of one of the following countries: Finland, Japan, Singapore, new Zealand, Luxembourg, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, the Philippines, Myanmar, Indonesia. For these countries the tourist visa can be done locally on arrival at the airport.
        The tourist visa is valid for a maximum period of six months. An Indian visa is valid from the day it is granted, and not from the date of entry.
        There is a minimum of two months between two consecutive tourist visas.

        Move in India

        plane.
        Given the large size of the country, flying is a viable option, especially as prices have fallen in recent years.
        Because of airport infrastructure not suitable for the new boom in air traffic delays are frequent and the queues for boarding can be very long, especially in Delhi and Mumbai.
        The main companies providing domestic air traffic are:
        Air India, the state company, it has the largest network in the country and offers excellent regional connectivity.
        Go Air, a lowcost company that operates mainly from its base in Mumbai.
        IndiGo Airlines, another low-cost airline, connects the major cities.
        Jet Airways.

        Kingfisher Airlines SpiceJet
        Train
        The railways were introduced in India in 1853 by the British, India can today boasts the largest network of railway lines in the world. The train is an efficient and economical way to get around, plus it is one of the safest ways to travel to India. (And one of the most user-friendly too).
        There are different train classes, some very luxurious, like the Rajdhani Express, Shatabdi Express, the Duronto Express, Shatabdi Express Jan, the Garib Rath Express. < br /> the "Rajdhani" and "Shatabdi '' are the most luxurious trains, they are fast, fully air-conditioned restaurant. they are primarily intended for tourists and package tours, the offer includes the accommodation, meals, tours and transportation.
        Take the example of the 'Palace on Wheels', it offers 8-day all-inclusive trip through Rajasthan for about 500 euros.
        destinations covered by this train are Jaipur, Ranthambore, Chittorgarh, Udaipur, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Bharatpur, Agra and Delhi
        bus
        the bus is the second most popular way. to travel to India. as the train there are several classes, the most economical course is the most popular holiday re and the slowest, with seating rarely available.
        Bus superior standing have air conditioning and are very comfortable, they are naturally more expensive and faster.
        Car
        In India, as in England we drive on the left. You can drive in India if you have an Indian license or an international license.
        But unless used to driving in an extremely chaotic traffic, driving is probably not a good idea.
        a better option is to hire a driver, in addition to driving the driver can help you find a restaurant or hotel.

        Indian cuisine

        The Indian cuisine is varied, refined and spicy, and rightly takes its place among the great cuisines of the world.
        You've probably been in an Indian restaurant in France, but that India exported abroad is only a small part of its culinary diversity.
        Indian cuisine is known for being very spicy, depending on the region the dishes are more or less strongly spiced, Andhra food is famous for being the fire, whereas Gujarati dishes are very soft.

        Small lexicon of food:

        • matar & harr; peas
        • mirch & harr; chili
        • murgh or murg & harr; Chicken
        • or palak saag & harr; Spinach
        • paneer & harr; cheese
        • Subzi & harr; vegetables
        • or aloo Aalu & harr; potato
        • Baigan or Baingan & harr; Eggplant
        • chana & harr; chickpeas
        • the dal & harr; lenses
        • gobi & harr; cauliflower
        • & harr Mahli; Fish
        • makkhan & harr; Butter

          Accommodation in India

          cheap accommodation.
          Cheap hotels and guesthouses are many in major cities and near tourist spots. An even cheaper accommodation option is to take a bed in a dormitory or hostel. Most Indian train stations offer dorm rooms.
          mid-range accommodation.
          midrange hotels are numerous in big cities.
          major local channels include: Country Inns, Ginger and Neemrana
          They all offer excellent service
          premium Accommodation
          There are now 4 hotels and... 5 stars all over India, we find the main international channels, local channels, such as: the Oberoi, Taj and ITC Welcomgroup
          because of the Indian economic boom, hotels. luxury often sold out and prices are highest.