The tour of the 7 wonders of the world


A prestigious list with still mysterious origins, the 7 wonders of the world still fascinate 7 architectural feats of antiquity, as Greek and Romans considered as the ultimate symbol of civilization. Its wonders, very few remains have survived, strengthening even more the mystique of these exceptional buildings.

Everyone knows they are among those famous seven wonders, but is it so easy to name them all? So refresh our memory a bit:

The pyramid of Cheops, Egypt

The Pyramid of Cheops is an exception among the seven wonders of the world: it is the only one can still admire today! built around 2500 BC, it is the oldest building of the list. The complexity of the building, tomb of Pharaoh Khufu, and perfect dimensions sobering ...

To top it off, the Cheops pyramid remains one of the most popular tourist sites today. It forever stands on the Giza plateau near Cairo, a symbol known around the world.

The Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Greece

Zeus is known, stands above all other gods of the Greek Pantheon. So whether to erect a statue to the god of gods, as far as it marks the spirits.

Thus Phidias Greek sculptor of the fifth century BC, realized in 436 stunning work in the temple of Olympia, Peloponnese flourishing ancient city: a representation of Zeus sitting on his throne, as spectacular that finely performed. Judge for yourself: 12 meters high, the status mingled elements as gold and ivory (technical chryselephantine) .

Unfortunately, we lost track of the statue of Zeus in the fifth century, and only the ancient texts attest to this wonder.

The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Turkey

Ephesus account today among the most exciting archaeological sites on ancient Greece. This ancient city of Anatolia is today Turkey, in today Izmir, south of Selcuk.

The many remains discovered in Ephesus testify including a temple unique building dedicated to Artemis, goddess of hunting. Built in 560 BC, the Temple of Artemis was known throughout the ancient world, which has not saved later from multiple fires, looting and dismantling pure and simple.

Incidentally, the British Museum houses several elements belonging to the temple of Artemis.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Iraq

Perhaps the most mysterious of the 7 wonders of the world, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon evoke a distant and forgotten past.

The Gardens would be the fact of Nebuchadnezzar II, king of Babylon who lived between the seventh and sixth century before Christ: they would have been built in honor of the king's wife, Amytis of Media

From ancient Greek and Roman sources, the gardens have really existed, but no archaeological evidence only came slicing myth from reality. Perhaps future excavations will reveal more about the ancient Babylonian empire ...

The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, Turkey

A second tomb of the 7 wonders of the world. The latter owes its construction to the Persian King Mausolus, eager to leave traces of his reign after his death around 350 BC. SUCCESS: the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, whose construction was attended by many Greek artists among the most prestigious of the time, was a resounding success: breathtaking dimensions, sculptures, ornaments ...

A funeral architectural masterpiece, whose remains are discovered in the British Museum, as well as the site of the ancient Halicarnassus, near Bodrum (Turkey).

The Colossus of Rhodes, Greece

7 wonders of the world attest to the greatness of Greek civilization in ancient times, like the famous Colossus of Rhodes, which has inspired many. This monumental statue depicting the gods Helios, whose height is estimated at 30 meters, according to legend guarded the entrance of the port of Rhodes, rich commercial city.

In fact, the site where the Colossus once stood is still under debate, but its existence is confirmed by archaeologists. The statue would have known a limited existence, however: built from 292 BC, an earthquake broke the Colossus from -226. It will never be given up.

The lighthouse of Alexandria

The Lighthouse of Alexandria is the most recent of the 7 wonders of the world, though again, this monument has not survived to this day. The latter was built between 299 and 289 BC, when the Ptolemaic dynasty begins in ancient Egypt.

The Lighthouse of Alexandria, imposing building, served as a good lighthouse to guide ships approaching the port of Alexandria, but also as a symbol of power and wealth of the city. A earthquake force, the building jeopardy slowly until the fifteenth century. Remains, statues and ancient lighthouse stones were found at sea ...