The history of Senegal ... broadly


Sénégal

Not easy to summarize the rich history of Senegal in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we visit. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Until XVI:
  • The human presence is attested in the territory of Senegal from the Paleolithic, particularly in the Cape Verde peninsula, the region of Rufisque and along the rivers of eastern Senegal.
  • In the Neolithic, a large fishing population occupies the coast and organized groups settled in the land. The first kingdoms form from the VIIth century kingdom Tekrur founded by Toucouleurs kingdom Namandirou, Djolof ...
  • The Kingdom Djolof the XIVth century includes many kingdoms throughout the territory (Kayor, Baol Sine Saloum Waalo Futa Tooro, Bambouk Kaabu Fouladou ...).
  • In 1549, the last emperor Djolof Lele Fouli Fak, assassinated, the great empire crumbles slowly to occupy only a small central part of the country.

    The nineteenth:
    • French colonize all the kingdoms gradually in the second half of the XIX century. The majority of the country is Muslim but the missionaries spread Catholicism in particular in Casamance and Sine.
    • Faidherbe is governor of Senegal from 1854 to 1861 and from 1863 to 1865. The countries develop economically, but the anti-colonial disorders are common and severely punished.

      The XX:
      • In 1902, Dakar became the capital of French West Africa.
      • In 1959, Senegal achieved independence and merging with the French Sudan to form the Federation of Mali. In 1960, Senegal fate of the Federation of Mali and declared independence.
      • Senegal will then be a relatively stable country, it is a democratic republic. Casamance is regularly the scene of confrontation between the authorities and the separatists.