The history of Morocco ... broadly


Fès

Not easy to sum up the rich history of Morocco in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we visit. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Antiquity:
  • The first human settlements on Moroccan territory are attested as early as 800,000 BC.
  • With the division of Mauritania annexed by the Roman Empire was born the beginning of a Moroccan unit: Mauritania Tingitana occupies northern Morocco Future .
  • The territory will be invaded by vandals in Vth century and then by the Byzantine Empire, it will be driven by the Arabs in the eighth century. Most Berber tribes who are in the territory convert to Islam.
  • Idriss, chief imam of the Berber tribe Awraba rejects the authority of Baghdad and founded the city of Fez. This will be the first Moroccan dynasty Idrissids which then ruled over Morocco and Spain .

    From the Middle Ages to modern times:
    • In the XIth century, Youssef Ibn Tacfin founded the dynasty Almoravids Sunni who took power throughout the region and founded an empire that will go to Ghana and Spain to the south to the north.
    • In the XIIth century, it was the turn Almohad take Marrakech and power over Morocco. Following the difficulties in particular in Spain, the Berber people Merinids took power in turn.
    • The country develops during the dynasty of Mérinides but Wattasids them succeed and prevail in a declining country until the takeover by Saadi, the Arab people descendant of the Prophet Muhammad, the XVIéme century. They establish their capital in Marrakech and Morocco becomes prosperous especially under the reign of Sultan Al Mansour. At his death the succession of quarrels and war against Portugal weaken the sultanate.
    • In 1602, the dynasty of Alawites, from southern Morocco, takes the reins of Morocco. Rissani is proclaimed King in 1640. The Alawites are still in power today.

      Modern and contemporary period:
      • In the XIX century, the country was coveted by the major European powers but the Algeciras Conference in 1906 places Morocco under international control. However, in 1912, Sultan Moulay Hafiz sign a protectorate treaty with France.
      • General Lyautey became General Commissioner of the Republic for France but the sultan remains in place. Tribes revolted against France between 1921 and 1926, it is the war of the Rif. But the rebellious tribes were forced into surrender and Morocco will get true independence in 1956 when the country was raised following the dismissal of Mohamed V by the French government in 1953.
      • In 1960, Mauritania declared its independence from Morocco. Morocco opposes the independence of Western Sahara and despite a cease-fire imposed by the UN in 1991, the unrest continues.
      • In 1997, the first legislative elections saw the USFP (Socialist Union of Popular Forces) come to power, they will be renewed in 2002. Following the death of Hassan II in 1999, his son Mohammed VI succeeded him as head parliamentary monarchy.