The history of Lebanon ... in outline


Not easy to summarize the history of Lebanon in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we visit. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

  • The human presence is attested in Lebanon since the Paleolithic, towns in the hills of Byblos are attested since Neolithic times.
  • In the early IIIĆ©me millennium, the Canaanites settled on the territory and founded the rich Phoenician civilization.
  • The Golden Age of Phoenician civilization is at the beginning of the first millennium, before succumbing to the power of the Babylonians.
  • In 330 BC, Alexander the Great conquered the territory and the Hellenization of the country begins amid wars of succession after the death of Alexander.
  • In 64 BC, Pompey brings Roman peace and economic prosperity returns.
  • Phenicia then became Byzantine before being invaded by the Arabs to 628.

    The Middle Ages:
    • The region then passed into the hands of various masters Umayyads, Abbasids, Toulanides, Ikchidites, Fatimids ... before the arrival of the cross. In 1516, Lebanon fell to the Ottoman.
    • The Turkish Sultan retains the Lebanese Emirs and grants significant autonomy. Lebanon is experiencing a real economic boom and opens to the west. Lebanese Christians, Maronites, enjoy a wide tolerance.

      The nineteenth:
      • The religious and cultural influences, as well as ethnic groups are many and make the history of the complex country. Thus, the Western powers forced the Ottomans to create in 1861 the autonomous province of Mount Lebanon ruled by a Christian Ottoman subject.

        The XX:
        • After the First World War, Lebanon, with Syria comes under French client.
        • In 1920, the Greater Lebanon is unified. After popular movements and the intervention of England, Lebanon in 1946 obtained independence. He returned to the Arab League and the United Nations-.
        • The country is experiencing significant economic growth and has a strong cultural influence in the region.
        • However, the country at the heart of unrest in neighboring countries (Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Arab wars, Shiite Iran, Kurds, Arab nationalism ...) splits and fratricidal civil war exploded in 1975.
        • The Taef Agreement in 1989 bring peace in the country but the reconstruction is difficult and unrest remain.