The history of Denmark ... in outline


Not easy to summarize the rich Danish history in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we visit. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Prehistory and Antiquity:
  • The first traces of human occupation in Denmark dates back to the Paleolithic culture Bromme develops between 10,000 BC and 7400 BC.
  • Many tribes living in the territory during the Neolithic and the approach of the first millennium of Celtic tribes came to settle in the territory. Other barbarian tribes will eventually settle or occupy for a time the region: Teutons, Jutes, Saxons, Angles, Frisians ...

    The Vikings:
    • From the Vth century, raids from the north intensified. The tribe of Daner moved to Jutland. The first cities were formed in the eighth century and the first Danish king succeed.
    • To 980 Harald blue tooth unifies Denmark. The Danish part until the XIth century Viking raids across Europe. Then a powerful kingdom that controls Britain, Sweden, Norway and territories in Germany. Gradually, the country Christianized.

      From the Middle Ages to the Renaissance:
      • In 1397, the Kalmar Union sealed the union with Norway and Sweden.
      • In 1536, Norway was incorporated in Denmark. The country turns to luthérisme and actively participates in the war of 30 years, Christian III abolished Christianity.
      • Denmark declares itself neutral in the wars of the French Revolution and combines with Napoleon, it must be separated from Sweden and Norway.

        XIX and XX:
        • In 1834, Frederick VI establishes the provincial states, a constitution is promulgated and in 1848, some duchies revolted but they are subject.
        • In 1866, the constitution of Denmark establishes two rooms. The kings of Denmark manages to still maintain a strong power of Democrats.
        • Neutral in World War II, the social advances are numerous in this period: the universal suffrage for both chambers passed in 1918. In 1929, despite the crisis the Social Democrats in power establishes a system of social laws very advanced.
        • Denmark tries to remain neutral during the Second World War but is invaded by Hitler in 1940, the government remains in place until 1943. Denmark becomes independent in 1945 and recognized the independence of Iceland. < / li>
        • Abandoning its neutrality after the war, Denmark is a NATO founding member. He became a member of the European community in 1972 but then refused numerous proposals including 2000: Euro .