The history of the United States ... in outline


Le parc national de Yosemite

Not easy to summarize the rich history of the United States in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we visit . To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

The Columbian period
  • The history of the United States does not begin with the arrival of the first settlers in the late XVth century, many indigenous peoples occupies a large part of the territory. The first migrations to the United States date back to 35,000 BC when the Asian peoples cross the Bering Strait.

    Europeans in America
    • In XVIéme century explorers are many in the United States, Spain claimed Florida and the English install northernmost settlements.
    • In the XVII century, Dutch and French will also install and explorations continue. The first black slaves were routed in the plantations of Virginia.
    • European clash during various wars with the support of various Indian tribes.

      The independence of the United States
      • In the XVIII century, many British colonies are thriving and England increased taxes to benefit from this windfall. In 1773, the people of Boston threw a tea cargo overboard, it will mark the beginning of the War of Independence.
      • The independence is proclaimed on July 4, 1776. The settlers were then installed mainly in the east, it is the beginning of the conquest of the west. The Indian territories are gradually attached.
      • The United States become an agricultural power outside the norm and an industrial power in full development.

        The nineteenth century:
        • In 1860, Abraham Lincoln came to power. Several southern states are then secede and form the Confederate States, it is the beginning of the Civil War that will ravage the country until 1865.
        • Slavery was abolished in 1865 and the secessionist states require their reinstatement.

          The twentieth century:
          • Until the 1920s, the United States will be the scene of a great industrial, financial and cultural. They still come out more strengthened from the First World War but the country is hard hit by the 1929 crisis that will plunge the country into the doldrums.
          • Thanks to the outbreak of the Second World War, the country will regain prosperity. Their participation in the war from 1941 and the victory over the Axis will make them a superpower that only the USSR could compete.
          • The relations of the two great will quickly deteriorate in 1947 the Truman Doctrine strives to counter the spread of communism in Europe thanks to the Marshall Plan. The cold war will not end until the late 1980s with the collapse of the USSR.
          • The United States take part in this part in many conflicts around the world, including the Korean War, intervention in Cuba and especially the Vietnam War. Until the end of the Vietnam War, the United States occupy an undisputed place on the international scene in 1969, the first American man walking on the moon .
          • But in 1970, the Watergate scandal involves the US government and especially in 1975, they must leave Vietnam beaten.
          • The American power is questioned. The American dream, however, continues to inspire around the world, especially with the fall of the USSR in 1991. The US then find themselves single superpower but they are facing a new international situation.
          • In 1990, the United States attack Iraq during the Gulf War.

            The Next Century:
            • On 11 September 2001, the United States attacked on their territory for the first time in their history, they engage in a war against terrorism and attacking Afghanistan in 2001 and Iraq in 2003. < / li>
            • Since 2007, the country is affected by a severe financial crisis in 2009 Barack Obama took office.