The history of Strasbourg ... broadly


Strasbourg

Not easy to summarize the history of Strasbourg in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the city that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Antiquity and Middle Ages
  • The Strasbourg site has been occupied since the Bronze Age, the Romans built there camp Argentoratum.
  • The Roman city loses importance to the empire's fall but from 496, the Franc install a new city.
  • In the Middle Ages the city experienced rising prosperity both economically and culturally. The city stands out from the tutelage of the bishops and the bourgeoisie took power.

    From the seventeenth to the nineteenth:
    • Attached to France in 1681 with Alsace, Strasbourg retains its rights and specific institutions.
    • Strasbourg is the Revolution's spearhead in the northeast of France, but the Terror there will be devastating.
    • Napoleon made a strategic town in the European conquest.
    • In 1870, after the defeat to Prussia, with Strasbourg Alsace is annexed by Germany. Many took refuge in Strasbourg France. The city has a real economic expansion and major urban works were launched at the end of the century.

      XX
      • Strasbourg is little affected by the First World War. In 1918 the French return triumphantly into the city. But the return of French is not so easy, especially as local specificities are erased in the name of the Republic.
      • The city was evacuated in 1940 and underwent a forced Germanization with the Nazis.
      • After the war, Strasbourg became the seat of the Council of Europe in 1949 and welcomes the Court of Human Rights in 1950, in 1952 the European Coal and Steel Community in 1972 the center European youth and in 1979 the European parliament.