The history of Prague ... broadly


La vieille ville de Prague

Not easy to summarize the history of Prague in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the city that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Antiquity:
  • Around 200 BC, the Boii, a Celtic people, settled a camp south of the present city of Prague. The region will be taken by the Marcomanni, Avars and Slavs.
  • It is difficult to talk about the founding of the city but the site was occupied for a long time and most important remains are attested from the ninth century.

    The Middle Ages:
    • In 973, Prague became a bishopric. On both sides of the banks of the Vltava cities develop connected since 1170 by a stone bridge controlled by Vladislav II.
    • On the east bank, the old city of Prague and Czech inhabited by Jews is growing and on the west bank: Mala Strana was founded in 1257 and hosts a strong German community .
    • The king of Bohemia, the future Roman Emperor Charles IV built the Charles Bridge, St. Vitus Cathedral and the university. The city knows then, in the XIV century, an unprecedented development.
    • In 1355, Prague became the capital of the Holy Roman Empire.
    • Jan Hus in Prague launches the beginning of the Reformation, his death in 1415 at the stake marks the beginning of the Hussite wars that will disturb the city during the XVth century, the city then passes under Slavic rule.

      Renaissance:
      • However in 1515, Prague back under Habsburg rule when Anne Jagiello married Ferdinand of Austria. Prague is subject despite sporadic revolts. She will return to imperial capital during the reign of Rudolf II from 1583 to 1612.
      • In 1618, the defenestration of Prague, two Habsburg governors were thrown through the windows of the castle, the beginning of the revolt of the Protestant Czech nobility against the Catholic Empire. This will become a European war: the war of 30 years .
      • Czech armies were defeated and many Protestants were forced into exile. Peace of Prague was signed in 1635 between the Emperor and some Protestant princes.
      • Prague will be sacked by the Swedish Protestant armies in 1648 shortly before the Treaty of Westphalia which will mark the end of the war 30 years. The city then experiencing a century of prosperity and was embellished with numerous baroque buildings.

        XVIII and XIX:
        • In 1741, the war of succession of Austria marks the beginning of new troubles in Prague.
        • In 1784, the royal city of Prague is born from the merger of Mala Strana, Hradcany, the old town and the new town.
        • In the XIX century, Prague is expanding and modernizing. Cultural life is intense.

          twentieth century:
          • In 1918, Prague became the capital of Czechoslovakia. Until World War II, it is a prosperous period for Prague continues its modernization. Cultural life is still intense and radiates throughout Europe, particularly with cubism.
          • Hitler's troops enter Prague in March 1939. The Jewish community was decimated but the city does not sulfur bombing.
          • On 9 May 1945, the Red Army liberates the city. In 1948, the Communists get all powers after the Prague coup.
          • In 1968, the Prague Spring, a popular uprising is crushed by German tanks.
          • In 1969, Prague became the capital of the Czech Socialist Republic. The city has many upgrades.
          • In 1990, the Velvet Revolution marks the end of the communist period, many symbols of the dictatorship destroyed.
          • On 1 January 1993, Prague became the capital of the Czech Republic and in 2000 she named European Capital of Culture.