The history of Marrakech ... broadly


Marrakech

Not easy to summarize the rich history of Marrakesh in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the city that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

From the eleventh to the thirteenth century:
  • Founded in 1062 by the ruler Abu Bakr ibn Umar, Marrakech is fast becoming a religious and commercial center for the Maghreb and sub-Saharan Africa. It became the capital of the Almoravid emirate and covered with palaces, mosques, madrasahs, souks .... Ramparts, still visible today, are built in 1122-1123 by Ali Ben Youssef. Almohades seized the city in 1147 and exterminate almoravides. They also build many palaces, mosques ... In 1269, the city was conquered by the nomadic Zenata dark to a certain lethargy. Marrakech lost its status as capital to Fez.

    From the sixteenth to the nineteenth century:
    • At the beginning of XVI century, the emirs Hintata remake of Marrakesh the capital of the kingdom. The city becomes prosperous especially under the reign of the Saadian sultans. The city is restored, embellished and enlarged. End XVII century, the Alawite dynasty succeeded the Saadian, they transfer the capital to Fez and Meknes. In 1792, Marrakech became the capital of which is Hicham recognize Sultan in one part of the country but the city was reconquered in 1797.

      twentieth century:
      • In the early XXth century, Marrakesh as Morocco has many political unrest that saw a succession of sultans. The French seized the city in 1912 and Thami El Glaoui, a tribal chief Imzwarn, himself appointed Pasha of Marrakech until the end of the protectorate. He reigns despotic manner in Marrakech and plotting to replace Mohammed V in Morocco's head by Sultan Ben Arafa. The end of the protectorate and the return from exile of Mohamed V marks the end of the reign of Glaoui.