Malta's history ... in outline


Malte

Not easy to summarize the history of Malta in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we visit. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Antiquity:
  • fishing groups from Sicily settled on Malta to 5400-5200 BC, they set up a major civilization.
  • In ancient times, Malta is an important link on the maritime routes of the Mediterranean, and the Phoenicians settled a colony about 725 BC, Greeks settled to the VIth century BC.
  • The island came under the control of Carthage in 480 BC and then under Roman control in 218 BC.
  • After the fall of the Roman Empire, the island was occupied by the Vandals and the Ostrogoth before returning under the control of the Byzantine Empire.

    The Middle Ages:
    • In 870, Arab Aghlabids seize the island and emptied of its population.
    • In 1090, the Normans took possession of the island, and in 1127 it came under Sicilian rule. Muslims are expelled and the island rechristianise preserving the Arabic language.
    • In 1492, Malta welcomes Jews expelled from Spain.

      Renaissance:
      • The Order of St. John of Jerusalem is seen concede the island in 1530. The order began to fortify the island to defend Christianity face the Ottoman.
      • In 1565, the great siege of Malta is won by the order against the Ottomans at the cost of many lives in Malta.
      • Malta was hit hard by the plague in 1675 and 1676.

        The nineteenth:
        • The order of domination ends in 1798 when Napoleon took the island, the British are called for help, take power and refuse to restore the Order of Malta.
        • They seize all the powers and impose the English language.

          The XX:
          • The Malta independence will be recognized in 1964 but retains Malta Queen √Člisabeth II as its head.
          • In 1974, Malta proclaimed the republic and elected a president.
          • In 2004, Malta joined the European Union and in 2008 she joined the eurozone.