The story of Madrid ... broadly


Not easy to summarize the history of Madrid in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the city that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Middle Ages:
  • Madrid was founded by the emir Muhammad I in the late ninth century, in 1047 it is exchanged to the King of Toledo by Ferdinand I of Castile who comes to conquer. In 1085, Alfonso VI took the city of Toledo, Madrid enter the kingdom of Castile.
  • The city is however destroyed by the Almoravids in 1109.
  • In 1217, Francis founded a monastery in Madrid. During the following centuries, many religious monuments were built in Madrid and the city grows more and more.
  • Francis I, taken prisoner at the Battle of Pavia in 1525, is jailed in Madrid for a year.

    • Convents and monasteries continue to flourish in Madrid.
    • In 1606, Madrid was named capital of Spain.
    • Philip V, the first king of the dynasty of the Bourbons, moved to Madrid in 1701. In 1734, a fire destroyed the Alcazar symbol of the Habsburg dynasty, in 1738 the construction of a new royal palace begins.

      Modern Period:
      • The city experiences an intense construction period the XVIII century: Casa de Correos, Retiro Park, Prado Museum, Plaza Mayor .... Joseph Bonaparte's reign over Spain from Madrid but is facing popular uprisings.
      • In 1812, he must flee Madrid. The Bourbons resume the reins of power and grandiose constructions continue.
      • The end of the XIX century is a new era of urban and architectural changes: Tram Gran Via, Savings, National Library ...

        twentieth century:
        • Madrid was the scene of many anarchist attacks in the early XXth century. The king must leave the capital in 1931, 2 days after the election of Republicans for mayor. The Second Spanish Republic was proclaimed in Madrid the next day.
        • During the civil war, Madrid, Republican bastion, resistant to the troops of General Franco.
        • But after the fall of the government in 1937, Madrid surrenders. Franco returns to Madrid in 1939. During the Franco period, Madrid extends and integrates the metropolis neighboring municipalities.
        • This is in Madrid, Juan Carlos was proclaimed King of Spain in 1975. The city continues to grow and has become a major European capital as the economic and cultural.