The history of Madagascar ... broadly


Nosy Be

Not easy to summarize the history of Madagascar in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we visit. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Until XVI:
  • The ancient history of Madagascar is unknown, it appears that the first inhabitants are from Indonesia and East Africa.
  • From the XIIth century, many trade links are forged with the Arabs creating a lasting influence.
  • The first Europeans to settle in the island are the Portuguese, Diego Diaz berths in 1500 and Fernando Suarez in 1506.

    seventeenth and nineteenth
    • The Portuguese will not be able to settle permanently in the island, the Dutch and the English in the XVII century will also face significant resistance (rebellions, diseases, famines ...). The French East India Company is also trying to settle in the island without success.
    • In the XVII century and XVIII century, Madagascar is a refuge for many hackers. Until the end of XVIII century, the island consists of several small kingdoms.
    • At the beginning of the XIX century Andrianampoinimerina attempts to unify the island, his son Radama 1st succeed with the help of English and prohibiting the slave trade. At his death, his wife Ravalona 1st expels foreigners, abolished Christianity and restores the traditional order. But his son Radama II and Prime Minister Rasoherina modernize the country and open to the outside.

      XX
      • In 1895, the queen accepts Ravalona force the French protectorate, Gallieni mate violent insurrection that seizes the island.
      • In 1946, a federal government was established, new problems arise but they are violently repressed. In 1960, the island became independent under the presidency of Philibert Tsiranana.
      • In 1972, a general strike forced to abdicate. General Ramantsoa takes the lead of the second republic. In 1975, Didier Ratsiraka took the lead in the Democratic Republic of socialist orientation. Facing a popular uprising, it is removed from power in 1992.
      • Albert Zafy became head of the IIIéme Répubblique. Dismissed by the High Constitutional Court in 1997, he leaves his place to Didier Rastiraka elected president.
      • A political crisis raises the country during the 2001 elections and Ravalomanana came to be elected, he will be reelected in 2006.
      • In 2009, a new political crisis led the country to the brink of riots and a coup instead Rajoelina president of a transitional authority still in power today.