The history of Lyon ... broadly


Lyon

Not easy to summarize the history of Lyon in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the city that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Antiquity:
  • The city of Lugdunum was founded in 43 BC by Lucius Munatius Plancus, it's a simple Roman colony but the growth of the city is fast. Lugdunum became the capital of the province of Gaul Lyonnaise and the seat of imperial power from 27 BC.
  • The ancestor of Lyon became an important river port. In the second century, a pretender to the imperial throne moved to Lugdunum to face Severus but was defeated and the city was sacked. Lugdunum loses its title of capital of the Gauls in 297.
  • Burgundian tribes make Lyon their capital to the fall of the Roman Empire.

    The Middle Ages:
    • In the early Middle Ages, Lyon is a medium-sized city away from major roads and the centers of power but the city is slowly developing under the auspices of local ecclesiastical forces.
    • In 1312, Lyon came under the fold of the King of France but still away. Not until the Renaissance back to see prosperity.

      XV - XVIII:
      • Lyon is growing strongly from the XVth century and became an important urban center, economic and intellectual. This is the time of the great fairs.
      • The city will, however, strongly affected by the wars of religion, including the 30-year war. Thereafter, Lyon will be an important revolutionary center in France.

        XIX - XX:
        • The city will be from 1800 closely monitored by political authorities, however it takes an important place in the national economy through its silks activities or the development of the banking sector.
        • The radical republican side Lyon was again highlighted during the Commune, in 1871 it is under the control of a prefect who have all the power.
        • In the XXth century, Lyon moves its industrial base Silk to the automotive, textile chemistry or pharmacy which still contributes to the prosperity of the city.