The history of Lisbon ... broadly


Not easy to summarize the rich history of Lisbon in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the city that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Antiquity:
  • The Lisbon region is inhabited since Neolithic times by pre-Iberian populations as evidenced by the megalithic dolmens and menhirs still visible around the city .
  • The small town of Olissipo is part of the Roman Empire under the name of Felicitas Julia, is a Roman municipality law ie that it is politically autonomous territory on around 50km of the city and the inhabitants are Roman citizens.
  • The city is subject to frequent attacks of Lusitanian. It is a thriving city that exports its products (wine, salt, horses, garum ...) in the empire.
  • In 710 Lisbon was taken by the Moors who renamed al-Isbunah city. It is always a prosperous city, many monuments were built and although the city was plundered by the Vikings in 858 is a relatively stable period.

    The Middle Ages:
    • In 1147 when the Reconquista Lisbon is taken by a group of German knights, English, French and Portuguese. The majority of the Muslim population was expelled and mosques were turned into churches.
    • Lisbon became the capital of the Kingdom of Portugal in 1255, and became an economic, academic and political importance during the Middle Ages.
    • Many expeditions westwards depart from Lisbon and Lisbon XVIéme century became the center of European trade.

      From the sixteenth to the eighteenth:
      • When integrating Portugal to Spain, Lisbon failed to become capital of the kingdom.
      • In 1531, a massive earthquake destroyed part of the city, and in 1755 the city was destroyed by an earthquake and a tsunami, European minds are scarred. The city was rebuilt according to the plans of the Marquis of Pombal.
      • Lisbon was sacked by Napoleon's troops during the French episode in Portugal.
      • From 1828 to 1834, during the civil war, Lisbon is the center of the liberal opposition.

        nineteenth and twentieth centuries:
        • In 1909, the workers of Lisbon organize great strikes and in 1910, the Lisbon's rise against the monarchy is in Lisbon is proclaimed the Portuguese Republic.
        • During the Second World War, Lisbon is a neutral port that offers a way out to the United States, is also a den of spies of all nationalities.
        • In 1974, the Carnation Revolution starts in Lisbon, it will end the Salazar regime.
        • In 1994, Lisbon was European Capital of Culture in 1998 and it hosts international exhibition.