The history of Lille ... in outline


Not easy to summarize the history of Lille in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the city that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Middle Ages:
  • The city of Lille really gets that from the Middle Ages, before the small villages settled on some arms of the DeĆ»le.
  • To the XIIIth century, Lille is a Flemish fair city protected by walls. In 1297, Philip the Fair takes over the city and France control of Flanders.
  • In 1369, Margaret of Flanders dowry town by marrying Philip the Bold Duke of Burgundy. The city is growing and richer.
  • Mary of Burgundy brings the city as dowry to the Habsburgs in 1477.

    Renaissance
    • In 1506, Flanders and thus Lille, passed into the hands of the Spaniards.
    • Finally, in 1667, Louis XIV laid siege to Lille and reinstated the city to France. Lille remains Flemish culture and becomes a military stronghold. Vauban fortified the city.
    • The French style is gradually replacing the Flemish style in 1792 when the Austrian besieging the city, the mayor swears that Lille will remain loyal to France.

      XIX and XX:
      • The industrial bourgeoisie beautifies the city throughout the XIX century.
      • The city will suffer greatly both world wars and modernized but retains much of its historical heritage.
      • In the second half of the XXth century, Lille is becoming a crossroads of transport and trade in Northern Europe.