The history of Switzerland in broad ...


Suisse

Not easy to summarize the history of Switzerland in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we visit. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Antiquity:
  • Switzerland was occupied from prehistoric times to the late first century BC the Helvetians, Celts tribes from the eastern end of Gaul, settled on the Swiss plateau.
  • They are trying to migrate westward but were repulsed by Julius Caesar in 58 AD. They then founded Helvetia which becomes part of the Roman Empire.
  • Switzerland will then be occupied by the Burgundians, the Alemanni before being attached to the kingdom of Burgundy, in the kingdom of the Franks, the Carolingian Empire and finally to St. Germanic Roman Empire.

    The Middle Ages:
    • In 1291, the Swiss cantons of Uri, Schwyz and Niwald sign an alliance: the federal pact .
    • In 1315, they defeated the army of the Holy Roman Empire. Lucerne, Zurich, Glarus, Zug and Bern integrate confederation XIVth century.
    • In the XVth century, the confederation extends to the Rhine and the French-speaking Switzerland and combines with the Valais, Appenzell, in St. Gallen, in Friborg and Graub√ľnden. The cantons become independent of the Holy Roman Empire in 1499 after the Swabian War but it will be recognized in 1648 with the Treaty of Westphalia.

      eighteenth and nineteenth centuries:
      • The country continues to expand but the Reformation just tear the confederacy, several religious wars follow one another.
      • In 1798, France is in Switzerland and creates a unitary state: the Helvetic Republic .
      • After the departure of Napoleon, two years are needed to create a unitary state of 22 cantons whose foundation is the perpetual neutrality.
      • However, in 1847 broke the Sonderbund war between conservatives and liberals, radicals. It led to the creation of a federal state in 1848 with a single currency, no borders and a single army.
      • In 1874, the referendum law is added to the constitution in 1891, the popular initiative. In 1899, a referendum ratifies the new constitution.

        twentieth century:
        • From its neutral status, Switzerland will not participate in two world wars and hosts many international organizations. Switzerland joined the Council of Europe in 1863 and the organization of the United Nations in 2002.