The history of the Dominican Republic ... in outline


Samana

Not easy to summarize the history of the Dominican Republic in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that 'we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Until the arrival of Christopher Columbus:
  • The Tainos were the first inhabitants of the island, their presence is attested since the VIIth century.
  • In 1492, Christopher Columbus landed on the island that will become the port of entry for settlers in America. They founded Santo Domingo will be the first Spanish capital in the new world.

    The nineteenth:
    • The island will remain Spanish, two French and Haitian interludes, until 1821 when it became an independent country.
    • Haitians quickly returned to power until 1844 at which the Dominicans win the war of independence, forming the Dominican Republic. The country remains highly unstable politically.

      The XX:
      • Between 1916 and 1924, the United States occupied the country. After a brief period of political calm between 1924 and 1930, the military Trujillo Rafale sets up a violent dictatorship with the support of the United States. He will stay in power until 1961 before being assassinated.
      • The first free election bears Juan Bosch, leader of the Dominican Revolutionary Party, in power but a military coup overthrew the civil war and quickly seizes the country.
      • The United States then again occupy the island and holds elections that bear Balaguer to power in 1966, he was reelected in 1970 and 1974. In 1978, the PRD returned to power.
      • Balaguer was reelected in 1986, in 1990 and in 1994. electoral fraud lead to the amendment of the constitution and the reorganization of election. These elections mark the end of a long period of political instability and democratic problems.
      • In 2004, Leonel Fernandez was elected to lead the country.