The history of Hungary ... broadly


Not easy to summarize the history of Hungary in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Antiquity and the Middle Ages:
  • Hungary was occupied since prehistoric times but the Hungarian history really begins with the arrival of the Magyars from the Vth century. The transdanubia was part of the Roman Empire, then it hosts numerous Germanic tribes, it is invaded by the Huns, by the Moravians and finally annexed by Charlemagne.
  • But between the Vth and IXth century, the Hungarian tribes from the Urals settled in Pannonia. In 896, seven Magyar tribes founded a principality under the command of Arpad.
  • In 1001, Istvan, a convert to Catholicism, was crowned king of Hungary. The kingdom is developing rapidly during the Árpád and Anjou dynasties, despite the Tatar invasions in the XIIIth century.

    From the sixteenth to the nineteenth:
    • In XVIéme century, the Turks invaded Hungary. The Ottoman occupation lasted until 1686 when the Habsburgs took power. The fight against the Austrians will be unsuccessful despite several wars of independence.
    • It was not until 1848 that the anti-Habsburg revolution a success. In 1867 the Austro-Hungarian compromise sees Austria and Hungary come together as Austria-Hungary under the command of Francis Joseph I.

      Nineteenth to today:
      • The First World War will break out this empire and in 1918 the Hungarian Republic is proclaimed. Hungary loses 2/3 of its territory and 60% of its population to Slovakia, Romania, Austria and Yugoslavia.
      • In 1941 Hungary entered the war alongside Germany. In 1944, the Red Army seized power in Hungary and in 1948 established the People's Republic of Hungary. Rakosi is leading the country, it is called best disciple of Stalin and implements authoritarian politics and a cult of personality.
      • In 1956, Budapest lifts headed by the Minister Imre Nagy but the Soviet army sends tanks. In 1968, Kadar regime introduced some elements of market economy.
      • The fall of the Soviet bloc leads to the proclamation of the Fourth Republic of Hungary in 1990, the first free elections are held.
      • In 1999, Hungary joined NATO and in 2004 she became a member of the European Union.