The history of Greece ... broadly


Grèce

Not easy to summarize the rich history of Greece in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Antiquity:
  • 6000 BC, people from Asia Minor settled in Thessaly. The first great civilization in ancient Greece is the Mycenaean a seafaring people who settled in Crete and the Peloponnese peninsula.
  • Greece is subject to many wars but powerful cities emerge. Athens, Sparta, Corinth ... A great ancient civilization is then born
  • In the fourth century BC, Alexander the Great to conquer the East.
  • A few centuries later, Greece is included in the Roman Empire.

    From the Byzantine Empire to the Ottoman Empire
    • Upon separation of the Roman Empire, Greece is attached to the Eastern Roman Empire, ie the Byzantine Empire. But the imperial territory is still the subject of numerous settlements and attacks including barbarians.
    • In the XVth century, the Turks captured Constantinople. Thereafter, all of Greece will live under the rule of the Ottoman Empire.

      Independence:
      • The Turks will be contested at the XIX century during the revolution in 1830 Greece became an independent monarchy, Otto 1 becomes king .
      • In 1924, the monarchy became a republic. The country is marked by several coups and still significant tensions with Turkey until the end of World War II. A civil war between the government and communist opposition breaks out and will last until 1949.

        From Dictatorship to the EU:
        • In 1967, King Constantine II was driven from the throne by the military dictatorship headed by Georgios Papadopoulos.
        • The dictatorship will collapse in 1974 and 1981, Andreas Papandreou came to power, the same year Greece joined the European Union.
        • The country's strong economic growth, notably through tourism to the economic crisis of 2007, the country was then hit by an unprecedented fiscal crisis and must seek help from the European Union.