The history of Finland ... broadly


Découvrir la Finlande

Not easy to summarize the history of Finland in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Up XI:
  • Inhabited since prehistoric times by the Saami, a Finno-Ugric people, the territory of Finland welcomes the Germanic tribes and the tribes from the Urals.
  • Until XIth century, Finland is inhabited by independent tribes and little belligerent. The Viking raids push people towards the interior.

    Until the nineteenth:
    • In 1157, Finland was occupied by the King of Sweden. Sweden Christianized Finland and the territory is part of the Kingdom of Sweden.
    • Several wars between Russia and Sweden takes place in Finland.
    • In 1809, she came under the authority of Russia who created the great Duchy of relatively autonomous Finland.

      The XX:
      • In 1917 Finland became independent. A civil war broke out in the country in 1918 between supporters of a republic and the supporters of a constitutional monarchy. They are winners and opt for a German prince King.
      • However, with the defeat of Germany, the latter disappears and Mannerheim became Regent. Finally the Republic is proclaimed in July 1919.
      • In 1939, the Soviet Union attacked Finland, it stands up to the Red Army and a peace treaty was signed in 1940.
      • Finland allied with Germany, launched an offensive against the USSR but the losses are many and they eventually sign a peace treaty in 1944 Finland issued an ultimatum to the German army to leave the territory but they do not have time to withdraw and their former ally makes them heavy losses.
      • Finland out of the war destroyed and ruined more it must pay reparations of major wars. During the Cold War, it adopts a strict policy of neutrality. The President Urho Kekkonen remains in power from 1956 to 1985 without interruption.
      • In 1995, Finland joined the European Union in 2002, it adopts the euro.