The history of Croatia ... broadly


Croatie

Not easy to summarize the history of Croatia in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

From ancient times to modern times:
  • Croatia is at the crossroads of major cultural spaces that turn any play various influences on the country. The territory has been occupied since the Stone Age by isolated groups before being inhabited by the Illyrians, Celts and then colonized by the Greeks.
  • A real unity takes shape during the Roman and Byzantine occupation.
  • But Slavic influences, Venetian, Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian will be high depending on the region of Croatia.
  • An independent Croatian kingdom took shape in the early Middle Ages, it will be in 1102 associated with the Hungarian crown in 1527 and the land that will become Harsbourg Austria-Hungary.
  • Dalmatian province of the Venetian XVth early XIX century French it becomes a short time before returning to the bosom of Croatia.
  • The province of Slavonia belongs to Hungary for a long time.

    The twentieth century:
    • In the XXth century, for the first time Croatia joins its Slavic neighbors in the Kingdom of Sebesn Croats and Slovenes, which became the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929.
    • During the German occupation in 1941, the independent state of Croatia allied with Nazi Germany is established. Josip Broz Tito became head of the resistance and Croatia is released by communist partisans.
    • From 1945 to 1963, the Socialist Republic of Croatia is a federal state of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia; then from 1963 to 1990 the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
    • After the 1990 elections, Croatia declared its independence. War breaks out against Serb who do not recognize independence. internationally recognized in 1992, Croatia is waging a war until 1998 which will see the exodus of over 150,000 Serbs.
    • In 2000, Mesic was elected president, the country is democratized and opened strongly, tourism is growing tremendously.
    • accession to the European Union is scheduled for 1 July 2013.