The history of Ireland ... in outline


Irlande

Not easy to summarize the history of Ireland in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that 'we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Antiquity and the Middle Ages:
  • Ireland is populated since the 9th millennium BC, a large Celtic civilization will develop from the VIth century BC. It's a very structured civilization by a clan system that is run by a √Črenn laughed Ard (High King of Ireland).
  • Ireland will not be colonized by Rome that Britain is.
  • From the fourth century, the country was Christianized but some Celtic rites will continue until the XIIth century.
  • In the eighth century, Ireland has suffered lethal Viking raids, the Vikings even install strongholds in the area.
  • From the XIIth century, England began to conquer the island and in 1494 the crown says its domination of the island.

    From the sixteenth to the nineteenth:
    • In 1541, Henry VIII takes the title of King of Ireland.
    • A revolt broke out in 1641 but will be broken by Cromwell in 1649.
    • The Catholic religion is persecuted and a new revolt broke out in 1798. A republic was proclaimed but the English repression is terrible.
    • In 1800, Britain proclaims the Union Act uniting totally Ireland in the UK.
    • The XIXth century is marked by terrible famine and mass emigration to America.

      XX
      • The independence movement is growing and in 1905 the Sinn Fein-independence party, is created.
      • In 1916 Easter uprising broke out, it was crushed by British forces, but the popularity of Sinn Fein is increasingly important. In 1918, Sinn Fein won the elections and form an Irish parliament. He proclaims independence but parliament was dissolved by the English.
      • A new uprising erupts. In 1921, the Treaty of London made Ireland, lost part of its territory, a dominion of the British Empire.
      • This treaty was ratified, but it is very unpopular, civil war erupts between Irish supporters of the struggle for independence and supporters of the compromise of 1921.
      • In 1937, the chairman of the board passed a new constitution that proclaims the independence of Ireland. A treaty was concluded with the United Kingdom in 1938.
      • Ireland remains neutral during World War II. Since 1949, Ireland is a parliamentary republic. The struggle for independence continues in Northern Ireland.