The history of Egypt ... in outline


Cap de Ras Muhammad

Not easy to sum up the rich history of Egypt in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we visit . To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Antiquity:

After the appearance of writing as Hieroglyphics around 3300 BC, the Nile valley for over 3 thousand years witnessed the development of an economically and culturally brilliant civilization.
The empire reached its peak in the XIIIth century BC before gradually go to the dogs.

The Middle Ages:

The country then suffered many invasions (Persians, Greeks, Macedonians, Romans, Byzantines, Arabic ...) before coming under Ottoman rule in XVIéme century.

The modern history:

In 1798, Napoleon Bonaparte crushed the Mamluks, Kleber was appointed governor of Egypt, but he was assassinated in 1800.
Ottoman call Muhammad Ali Pasha of Egypt, it founded an independent dynasty.
In 1882, the British took power. In 1914, they impose a protectorate and at the head of the country Sultan Hussein Kamal.
The Ottomans attempted a reconquest in 1915 but were defeated by the English.

Contemporary history:

Following significant unrest, the kingdom of Egypt became independent, Fouad I King is recognized by the British. At his death in 1936, Farouk inherited the throne and received the withdrawal of British troops.
In 1952, a revolution led by army officers force Farouk to abdicate and his son replaced him. In 1953, the Republic was proclaimed Egypt after a military coup, Mohammed Naguib took power in 1954 replaced by Nasser.
Nasser sets up a socialist policy and advocates a pan-Arab and Arab nationalist ideology. In 1967, following the defeat of the Six Day War in front of Israel, Nasser resigns and returns to power. In 1970, the death of Nasser, Sadat takes power.
In 1973, Egypt try to recover the Sinai at the hands of Israel during the Yom Kippur War. After this failure, he engages in negotiations with Israel, Egypt was excluded from the Arab League until 1990. Sadat was assassinated by a militant Islamist in 1981.
Mubarak took power and became an ally of the US . This period was marked by a significant terrorism. In 2011, a revolution overthrew the presidency.