The history of Argentina ... in outline


Argentine

Not easy to summarize the history of Argentina in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that 'we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Until XVI:
  • Before the Spanish colonization, Argentina is inhabited by numerous indigenous tribes: Pampas, Toba, Matacos, Onas, Diaguitas, Tehuelches ... .
  • In 1516, the Spanish Diaz de Solis landed in Argentine territory, the country will hardly colonized by the Spanish in XVIéme and XVII century.

    The nineteenth:
    • In 1806 and 1807, Argentine repel British military expeditions that try to colonize the territory.
    • The revolution of May 1810, marks the independence of Argentina. And after years of war against the Bourbons, independence is official July 9, 1816.
    • In 1826, Juan Manuel de Rosas took power.
    • In 1853, a constitution is proclaimed and slavery was abolished. Santiago Derqui was elected president. Several indigenous peoples rebellious are then submitted by the government.
    • At the end of the XIX century, the economy is growing strongly and many European immigrants settled in Argentina.

      The XX:
      • In 1916 Hipólito Yrigoyen, was elected president and introduces social reforms. It breaks with the economic liberalism.
      • At each election the political struggles are violent. The country was hit by the Great Depression in 1929 and in 1930 the general Jose Felix Uriburu took power by a coup. The country entered a dark period.
      • In 1943, Peron took power in a military coup. An admirer of Mussolini and Franco, he set up a military dictatorship and developed a cult of personality. But it keeps the multiparty democratic elections.
      • In 1955, a new coup establishes the regime of the liberating Revolution. The coup succeed in 1962 and in 1966 when General Onganía takes power. He took over all the powers of an authoritarian manner.
      • A popular revolt in 1970 turns into virtual civil war. The disappearances and massacres are numerous until 1973. Peron was elected president in 1973, he died in 1974 and his wife takes power. The country comes to the military that crush the opposition, they come to power through a coup in 1976.
      • The military junta will rule until 1983. During this period, disappearances, arbitrary detentions and torture against opponents are widespread.
      • In 1982, the regime increasingly challenged declares war on the United Kingdom in the name of sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. Argentina's defeat in 3 months and the dark regime. Elections are held in 1983 under the gaze of international observers.
      • The return to democracy is accompanied by the judgment of members of the junta. The country was hit by serious economic difficulties, Raul Alfonsin announces early elections which brought to power Carlos Menem.
        • Economic crises succeed and in 2003, Nestor Kirchner was elected president in an economically ravaged country. In 2007, it was his wife Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner is elected President.