The history of Cyprus ... in outline

Not easy to summarize the history of Cyprus in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the country that we visit. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

  • Cyprus is at the crossroads of many trade routes of antiquity, since 1700 BC it is a place of passage, colonization and trade in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Phenicia, the Greece and Rome. < / li>
  • The Minoan civilization grows from 1700 to 1450 BC. The island is independent under the authority of various kings until the Persians took power in VIth century BC, the island will come under the authority of the Greeks under Alexander the Great before being conquered by the Egyptians and finally the Romans in 58 BC. St. Paul evangelized the island. It then becomes part of the Eastern Roman Empire, ie the Byzantine Empire.
  • In the VIIth century, it was the turn of Arab to settle in the island.

    From the twelfth to the nineteenth:
    • At the time of the Crusades, it is taken by Richard Lion Heart in 1191 and became the starting point for many crusades. After a brief stint under the control of Venice, Cyprus was conquered by the Ottomans.
    • The Cypriot rebel against the Turks in XVIII century but will remain in the Ottoman Empire until 1878 when Britain gets the administrative control of the island. The island is administered by the Turks who will eventually abandon the island in 1923.

      The XX:
      • In 1931, the Greek Cypriot revolt against the English and ask for union with Greece. Turkish Cypriots reject this connection and unrest between the two communities broke out. Tensions are growing stronger and in 1954 the United Nations is seized of the problem.
      • In 1960 Britain grants independence to the island. UN forces are sent to separate both Greek and Turkish communities in 1964.
      • In 1974 the Turkish army invaded 1/3 of the island and proclaimed the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, still only Turkey recognizes its existence.
      • In 2004, Cyprus joined the European Union and adopt the euro in 2008.