The history of Budapest ... broadly


Budapest

Not easy to summarize the rich history of Budapest in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the city that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Antiquity:
  • From the Paleolithic traces of human occupation are attested on the site of Budapest.
  • A Celtic camp is located on the banks of the Danube and 89 in the Roman city of Aquincum is based. The city developed during the Roman occupation, it is the capital of Lower Pannonia.
  • During the barbarian invasions, the city fell to the Huns, Goths, Lombards and Avars finally.
  • The Magyars, from the Urals, settled in the area of ​​Obuda in 896.

    From the Middle Ages to the Renaissance:
    • The city of Buda was destroyed by the Mongols in 1241, but there Bela IV built a castle and made the capital of his kingdom.
    • The city is growing with the arrival of the Angevin princes and became the capital of Hungary in 1361. Buda is growing considerably and became a leading artistic center during the Renaissance. On the other side of the river, the city of Pest became an important trading center.
    • The Ottoman invasion XVIéme century put a stop to city growth of Buda and Pest.

      From the seventeenth to the nineteenth:
      • The cities shall not recaptured in 1686 by the Habsburgs.
      • In the XVIII th century, Pest becomes a prime commercial center, Buda and Pest, however, suffer from the great fire of 1723 and 1838 floods.
      • 3 towns of Buda, Obuda and Pest merged in 1849 for a short time, this merger will be confirmed definitively in 1873 by the new Hungarian royal government.

        The XX:
        • The city will then grow considerably especially on the Pest side, in 1930, Budapest has a million inhabitants and hosts most of the country's industries.
        • Hungary supports Nazi Germany and the genocide of the Jews of Budapest is very violent.
        • The city was almost completely destroyed during its liberation by the Red Army, it was rebuilt and enlarged during the communist period.
        • In 1956, Budapest rebels against the Soviet Union but the military intervention, including tanks in the city, crushes opponents.
        • In 1989, the communist government fell after major events.